No 6 (2014)

Articles
FUNCTIONAL CHANGES OF MILITARY MEN’S EXTERNAL RESPIRATION SYSTEM IN CONTRAST SEASONS IN THE ARCTIC
Gudkov A.B., Ermolin S.P., Popova O.N., Sarychev A.S.
Abstract
In the article, there have been presented results of a spi-rometric study conducted in the period of a polar day and a polar night in the same 20 military men on the Frantz Josef Land Archipelago (80°04' N, 47°05' E). It has been established that vital capacity of the military men increased by 26.6 % in the polar night period compared to the polar day (p = 0.001). During a fractional analysis of vital capacity, it has been detected that in the the polar night period, there were observed 21.4 % higher expiratory reserve volumes compared to the polar day period (р = 0.006) as distinct from the inspiratory reserve volumes and breathing capacity which did not have statistically significant seasonal differences. Oxygen cost volumes were higher by 16.6 % in the polar night period compared to the polar day period (р = 0.015). Calculation of values of one respiratory and cardiac cycles in the military men has shown their statistically significant excess in the polar night period compared to the polar day (р = 0.002 and р = 0.005 respectively).
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):3-7
views
PECULIARITIES OF ADAPTATION IN YOUNG MALE RESIDENTS OF MAGADAN REGION: ANALYSIS OF INTERSYSTEM FUNCTIONAL RELATIONS (Report 2)
Sukhanova I.V., Maximov A.L., Vdovenko S.I.
Abstract
Based on the methods of correlation and factor analysis of the 21st morphofunctional parameter, there has been performed a comparative study of a sample of 1656 male subjects aged 17-21 y. o. consisting of aborigines, migrants and the 1st and 2nd generations’ Caucasians born in the Magadan region in (enrooted persons). For all the examined subjects, a complex of somatometric indices was the most significant factor specifying the strategy of body long-term adaptation to northern natural and climatic conditions. However, each population has its special morphofunctional ecological portrait which structure is determined by a number of statistically meaningful indices united in a certain number of factors.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):8-15
views
ASSESSMENT OF VEGETATIVE STATUS OF OIL-AND-GAS INDUSTRY WORKERS FROM PERSPECTIVE OF CHAOS AND SELF-ORGANIZATION THEORY
Filatova O.E., Provorova O.V., Volokhova M.A.
Abstract
To assess the vegetative status of oil-and-gas industry workers under impact of production factors, we have conducted a comparative transverse screening of human functional systems. The data obtained have been processed both with use of the mathematical statistics methods and the chaos and self-organization theory method. It has been established that the oil-and-gas industry workers had a bigger quasi-attractors’ volume and its increased skewness ratio of the body state vector in production conditions than engineers and research workers. Moreover, we have determined the most significant order parameter of the body state vector of the oil-and-gas industry workers in the North of the country - the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area - Ugra.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):16-19
views
HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF SCHOOLCHILDREN’S LEARNING LABOUR INTENSITY
Tkachuk E.A., Mylnikova I.V., Efimova N.V.
Abstract
It development of social life determines labor predominance in the sphere of information production, storage, processing and realization. With an increase in information flows, teaching information that should be studied by schoolchildren increases. In connection with this, research of intensification factors in education from the point of view of hygiene is very urgent. Our goal was to study learning labor intensity and assess junior schoolchildren’ mental abilities in different types of schools. The authors have proposed an adapted variant (N. F. Izmerov) of labor intensity assessment. Mental potential was studied with the use of the Ravenn test. The schoolchildren from different types of schools participated in that study: from an innovation school - 55 schoolchildren and from a traditional school - 47 schoolchildren. The high index of learning labor intensity didn’t stimulate mental development of junior schoolchildren. The technique of learning labor intensity assessment adapted by the author is very effective and can be used for hygienic assessment of a learning process intensification.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):20-24
views
PREVALENCE OF UROLITHIASIS IN CHILDREN OF PRIMORSKY KRAI TOWNS WITH DIFFERENT ANTHROPO-MAN-INDUCED LOAD
Semeshina O.V., Luchaninova V.N., Kovalchuk V.K., Melnikova E.A.
Abstract
Influence of anthropo-man-induced load on Dysmetabolic Nephropathy (DMN) and Urolithiasis (U) prevalence in children of the Primorsky Krai has been studied. The study design included a sanitary, epidemiological and clinical stages. 513 children aged 3-14 years, born and residing in three towns of the Primorsky Krai with different degrees of anthropo-man-induced load stress have been examined (in Vladivostok, Dalnegorsk and Partizansk). The highest anthropo-man-induced water and air pollution load level was observed in Vladivostok. In the City of Dalnegorsk, water and air were less polluted, but the level of soil contamination (4.0 versus 1.0 and 2.0 in Vladivostok and Partizansk) was the highest one. DMN and U occurred significantly more frequently in Dalnegorsk than in Vladivostok and Partizansk (p < 0.001). It has been proved that in the Primorsky Krai, the anthropo-man-induced factor was not a priority risk factor for DMN and U development. Use of the noninvasive and easily managed system "Litos-test" allowed to reliably detect these diseases in the examined children.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):25-29
views
SPIRITUAL-MORAL RESOUCES OF MENTAL MEDICINE
Sidorov P.I.
Abstract
In the article, there have been considered the conceptual-methodological approaches to assessment of spiritual-moral components of a set of mind and mental health, mental medicine and preventology; directions of institutionalization and tasks of service and system monitoring of mental health; instruments and technologies of mental medicine making it a strategic scientific paradigm; the spiritual-moral typology of personality and syndromology of animogenesis; diagnostic evolution of synergetic inversion in mental medicine; the need to develop a united corpus of ethics codes of the system of community service (physicians and educators, social workers and priests) and introduction of the innovative complex blockmodular ethical program into high school educational work.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):30-46
views
PROBLEM OF ANXIETY AS DIFFICULT PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENON
Nekhoroshkova A.N., Gribanov A.V., Dzhos J.S.
Abstract
The article has presented a review of psychophysiological approaches to consideration of the concept of “anxiety” and emotional state morphological and functional organization. There have been shown views of national and foreign scientists on the problem of determination of normal and pathological anxiety, separation of anxiety from similar emotional states, relations between the concepts “anxiety” and “alarm”, “general anxiety” and “situational anxiety”. Particular attention has been paid to the functional approach to anxiety as a mental phenomenon, characterized by a complex structure involving neuroendocrine, somato-visceral and psychological levels of human vital activity.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):47-54
views
ANALYSIS OF THREE INDEPENDENT GROUPS USING NON-PARAMETRIC KRUSKAL-WALLIS TEST IN STATA SOFTWARE
Unguryanu T.N., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
In this paper, we have presented theoretical principles of analysis of three or more independent groups using the Kruskal-Wallis test. We have presented calculations using formulas as well as a step-by-step algorithm for use of this test in STATA software. Moreover, we have given practical examples with special emphasis on assumptions of this test. We have also presented recommendations for presentation of results in scientific publications.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(6):55-58
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies