No 5 (2013)

Articles
GEOECOLOGICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS OF JUGRA BELOYARSK AREA DEVELOPMENT
Khaknazarov S.K.
Abstract
In the article, there has been analyzed dynamics of opinions of the inhabitants of the Jugra Beloyarsk area on the results of mining in the region. In particular, environmental problems according to the results of the sociological research conducted in 2003-2005 and 2008 have been considered.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):3-7
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THE HEART DISEASE DONOZOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTIC IN POPULATION OF THE NORTH REGION
Korchina T.Y.
Abstract
Spectrometric analysis of hair from 207 nonnative adult population’s patients, lived in Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous region was carried out with AES - ISP methods. Particular features of an nonnative adult patient’s «elemental portrait» (clinically arterial hypertension syndrome prevailed and reduction of antioxidant activity) а deficiency of selenium, were high levels of sodium and iron, decreasing potassium level, high values of ratios Fe/Cu, Na/Mg and Na/K. Spectromet-ric analysis of chemical element may be as supplementary method donozological diagnostic of the different diseases and heart disease too.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):8-13
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ASSESSMENT OF BIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF DUST OF NON-FERROUS METALS PROCESSING PRODUCTION
Petrov B.A., Onuchina E.N., Petrov S.B., Tsapoc P.I.
Abstract
Results of a pilot experiment on studying of biological effect of dust of non-ferrous metals processing production as the least studied pollutant of conglomerations’ atmospheric air have been presented. The experiment was conducted with use of 30 outbread white rats. The studied dust was administered in the experimental animals by the intratracheal way in the dose 6.25 mg per 1.0 ml of on exposition 6 months. The animals of the control group were administered equivalent quantity of normal saline solution. It has been established that biological effect of the dust which was a part of the atmospheric emissions of the non-ferrous metals processing enterprise during chronic influence in small doses, along with the resorptive-toxic effect, was characterized by activation of processes of free radical oxidation, destabilization of the system of antioxidant protection and formation of immunop-athological processes.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):14-17
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MONITORING OF CONGENITAL MAXILLOFACIAL DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALIES IN CONDITIONS OF ADVERSE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Tekutskaya E.E., Gusaruk L.R.
Abstract
An ecological-population monitoring of congenital maxillofacial developmental anomalies (lip and palate cleft) through the example of the Krasnodar Territory with use of medical documentation, data of demographic statistics and ecological examinations according to the geoecological card of the Northern Caucasus and the Medical-ecological atlas of the Krasnodar Territory has been carried out. A method of the environment ecological state estimation considering quantitative values of polluting emissions from stationary sources in the atmospheric air, harmful substances as a part of sewage dumped in open reservoirs, territorial pesticide loadings on soil has been used. Lead (II) content in biological media of the parents of the children with congenital developmental anomalies has been estimated, it amounted to: in blood serum - from 0.102 to 0.365 mg/dm 3; in saliva - from 0.220 to 0.380; in gastric secretion - from 0.180 to 0.273; in urine - from 0.110 to 0.300; in hepatic exudate - from 0.232 to 0.300 mg/dm 3. In blood of 60 % of the examined mothers and in 45 % of the children with congenital developmental anomalies, cadmium (II) content was 0.005 ± 0.001 mg/l. For the districts of the Krasnodar Territory, a statistical analysis of connections between the indicators of environmental contamination and frequencies of birth of children with congenital maxillofacial developmental anomalies has been made.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):18-23
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CHARACTERISTIC OF ATMOSPHERIC SUSPENSIONS COMPOSITION IN STATE RESERVE “BASTAK”
Golokhvast K.S., Revutskaya I.L., Lonkina E.S., Pamirskiy I.E., Gulkov A.N., Khristoforova N.K.
Abstract
The paper has presented the first results of a microscopic examination of suspended air nano- and microparticles contained in snow of the Federal State Budgetary Institution «State Nature Reserve “Bastak”», Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Far East Federl Area, in winter 2011-2012. In the natural protection zone, different man-made particles have been found.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):24-28
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CORRECTION OF FUNCTIONAL STATE IN OPERATOR’S OF COMPLICATED TECHNICAL SYSTEMS BY MEANS OF XENON-OXIGEN GAS MIXTURE
Bloschinskiy I.A., Galushkina E.A., Kirillov A.N., Nabokov N.L., Rogovanov D.Y.
Abstract
The supporting optimal functional state and efficiency of operators of complicated technical systems during or after the long-lasting working cycle at the marine ships is one of the most important problem of the marine medicine. It is known that the errors of operators during controlling complicated technical systems are the reasons in 50% of accidents in the navy. Usually operator’s errors appear at the state of increasing of exhaustion and decreasing of working efficiency. Application of xenon-oxygen gas mixture inhalations makes possible to restore the working efficiency of operators in more short period of time.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):29-35
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DYNAMICS OF PULMONARY VENTILATION INDICATORS IN ANNUAL CYCLE IN CHILDREN OF PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE, RESIDENTS OF THE EUROPEAN NORTH
Smolina V.S.
Abstract
During a year (in winter, spring, summer and autumn) the spirographic survey of one and the same group of healthy children (33 boys and 32 girls of primary school age, natives of the Arkhangelsk) was conducted. It has been detected that the increased utmost and reserve functional abilities of external respiration in children aged 8-9 years in the transition period from the warm season to the cold season (autumn) are observed. The increased minute pulmonary ventilation in the surveyed children is connected mostly with the increased respiratory volume rather than with respiration rate.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):36-39
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PREVALENCE OF THE DISEASES AMONG PULP AND PAPER MILL WORKERS
Dubel E.V., Unguryanu T.N.
Abstract
JSC "Arkhangelsk Pulp and Paper Mill" employees sus-ceptibility to adverse factors of the work environment and process has been studied. A cross-sectional study has been conducted to explore prevalence of various disease groups among the employees of JSC "APPM" main production units. It has been discovered that the mill’s employees under 40 years of age suffer from pathologies of the cardiovascular system, urinary system, and dermatopathies more often than employees not working at the place of production. At the age of 40 and older the prevalence of dermatopathies and hearing diseases among the workers is higher than among those who do not suffer from adverse production factors.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):40-46
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POTENTIAL ROLE OF CYTOTOXIC CD4+CD28null Т LYMPHOCYTES AND CIRCULATING ENDOTHELIAL CELLS IN CARDIOVASCULAR RISK ASSESSMENT
Iakovleva A.S., Mirolyubova O.A., Vahrusheva Y.V.
Abstract
Aim. To analyze usability of circulating endothelial cells’ (CECs) and CD4 + CD28null Т cells’ blood levels along with classic factors for cardiovascular risk stratification in healthy individuals. Methods. 31 healthy adults aged 43.9±8.5 yrs. without the coronary artery disease (CAD) were scrutinized in order to assess a cardiovascular risk profile and measure the levels of systemic inflammation marker high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP). Using flow cytometry, we measured CECs and CD4 + CD28null Т cells’ concentrations. Results. Excessive body mass/obesity occupied the 1 st place (54.8 %) among all the risk factors. 38.7 % of the individuals suffered from dyslipidemia. BP level correlated both with BMI (p sp. = 0.465; p = 0.008) and hsCRP concentration (p sp. = 0375, p = 0.031). The level of CD4+CD28null Т cells was higher in the persons with LDL-cholesterol concentration that exceeded Me (3.29 mmol/l): 2.48 ± 1.64 vs. 5.13 ± 3.78 % (p = 0.020). The frequency of CECs varied from 0 to 5 760 cells in 1 ml, BMI being higher in adults with CECs detection: 26.9 ± 0.5 vs. 24.5 ± 0.8 kg/m 2 (p = 0,048). Conclusions. Excessive body mass/obesity and dyslipidemia are associated with endothelial dysfunction markers CD4 + CD28null Т cells и CECs allowing to discuss their significance in primary CAD prevention.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):47-53
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FEATURES OF ADAPTATION TO TRAINING OF STUDENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TUVA
Buduk-ool L.K.
Abstract
We studied the characteristics of adaptation to training students of the two ethnic groups living in the Republic of Tuva. It is shown that students, regardless of nationality have low functionality of external respiration. The study found that students of Tuva, in contrast to Russian characterized by satisfactory adaptive capacity, higher levels of physical condition, indicating a more advanced physiological mechanisms of adaptation. Students Tuvinian nationality are characterized by higher levels of anxiety, introversion, melancholic and phlegmatic prevalence of types of temperament, which determines the low level of psychosocial adaptation in teaching at the university. The students observed various types of adaptive strategies: Tuvinian process of adaptation to the educational activity is determined by the smaller number of inter-level relationships within and that indicates a high adaptive capacity of the organism. Observed among Russian students steadily increasing number of relationships indicates uneconomical type of adaptive responses, accompanied by a decline in physiological reserves.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):54-60
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ASSESSMENT OF USE OF STATISTICAL METHODS IN SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES OF THE KAZAKHSTAN’S MEDICAL JOURNALS
Akanov A.A., Turdalieva B.S., Izekenova A.K., Ramazanova M.A., Abdraimova E.T., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
Medical journals of Kazakhstan intergrate to the international space, however today none of them has Science Citation Index and doesn't enter into the Web of knowledge database, according to this, articles published in Kazakhstan’s journals can't come to the international level. The said problem determines the necessity of an analysis and the identification of the key problems, which “prevents” from spreading the research results achieved by the Kazakhstan scientists. The work objective is to evaluate the use of statistics and appropriate software by the authors of original articles in such journals as recommended by the Kazakh National Centre for Scientific & Technical Expertise and included in the Database elibrary.kz. We have taken a certain standard statistical analysis methods of investigation. In the evaluation of the research design, the authors of articles mostly used as follows: a series of cases, a control study and description of specific cases. A scope of selection in Section “Research Methods” was only calculated in 21,8 % of cases, and in 63,9 % of cases there was no description how the selection was carried out.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(5):61-64
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