Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology)

Peer-review academic journal

About

Human Ecology is a monthly peer-reviewed Open Access journal with the main focus on research and practice in the fields of human ecology and public health.

The journal publishes original articles, review papers, and educational materials on research methodology.

The primary audience of the journal includes health professionals, environmental specialists, biomedical researchers and post-graduate students.

Editor-in-Chief

Publisher

Publications

  • monthly issues
  • continuous publication in Online First (Ahead-of-Print)
  • immediate Open Access with CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.
  • articles in Russian and English

Indexation

  • SCOPUS
  • Google Scholar
  • Ulrich's Periodicals directory
  • Russian Science Citation Index (Web of Sciences)
  • Norwegian National Center for Research Data
  • VINITY
  • Global Health
  • CAB Abstracts
  • ProQuest
  • InfoBase Index
  • EBSCO Publishing (EBSCOhost)
  • CyberLeninka

The journal is registered with the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media and  Federal Service for Monitoring Compliance with Cultural Heritage Protection Law PI № FS77 - 78166 from 20 March 2020


Announcements

 

Open Access for Human Ecology journal

Posted: 10.07.2020

From 2020 Ekologiya Cheloveka (Human Ecology) grants open access to all articles on our web-site.

We also made available all issues of the journal from 2012 for your convenience.

 
More Announcements...

Current Issue

Vol 28, No 12 (2021)

Cover Page

Full Issue

Articles

REGIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH: ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF HEALTHCARE STAFFING SUPPLY
Medvedeva O.V., Menshikova L.I., Chvyreva N.V., Gazheva A.V., Bolshov N.N.
Abstract
Introduction: Adequate supply with healthcare staff remains one of the most significant challenges for public health in Russia. Suboptimal labor conditions and low payments have led to significant outflow of medical professionals from public to private health sector resulting in insufficient number of doctors and nurses, but the impact of this lack of personnel has not been assessed. Aim: To study associations between staffing in medical organizations and population morbidity in 2009-2018 in Ryazan region. Methods: Secondary data on population morbidity and staffing of medical organizations for the period from 2009 to 2018 were used for all analyses. Results: Total morbidity in the Ryazan region decreased from 7 400.3 to 7 214.9 per 10 thousand. Significant urban-rural differences were observed. In 2018, urban morbidity exceeded rural morbidity by 80 %. Staffing of healthcare system has been decreasing over the study period which is in line with the national trend. The number of doctors has been decreasing more rapidly than the number of nurses. Conclusions: Staffing of medical organizations is associated with population morbidity. Further research should concentrate on the factors that could explain the observed associations.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2021;28(12):4-13
pages 4-13 views
ANALYSIS OF ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION AND MORTALITY FROM NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES ACROSS GENDERS AND AGE-GROUPS
Saltykova M.M., Balakaeva A.V., Shopina O.V., Bobrovnitskii I.P.
Abstract
Introduction: Identification of the groups of patients that are the most vulnerable to the effects of ambient air pollution is required for the development of public health measures to promote health and prevent diseases in cities with a high level of atmospheric air pollution with the further going aim to reduce mortality and increase life expectancy of the population Aim: To analyze associations between air pollution and mortality from the most common non-communicable diseases stratified across genders and age-groups. Methods: To assess the isolated effect of ambient air pollution on the mortality rate, we selected 4 pairs of cities with similar climatic and socio-economic condition, but with high vs. low levels of air pollution. There pairs were: Bratsk - Kirov; Chita - Tomsk; Nizhny Tagil - Kirov; Magnitogorsk - Orenburg. Differences in mortality rates from major non-communicable diseases between the cities were analyzed using stratification by gender and age. Results: Cardiovascular mortality in cities with high levels of air pollution significantly exceeded mortality in cities with low pollution in all age groups. The differences in mortality from respiratory causes and neoplasms was less pronounced. Conclusion: The results suggest that high levels of air pollution may be associated with greater cardiovascular mortality in all age- groups. Closer monitoring of cardiovascular health of residents of polluted cities is warranted.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2021;28(12):14-22
pages 14-22 views
SEVEN-YEAR SURVIVAL AND ASSOCIATIONS OF RISK FACTORS WITH ALL-CAUSE AND CARDIOVASCULAR MORTALITY AMONG RURAL RESIDENTS OF SAMARA REGION
Myrzamatova A.O., Kashirin A.K., Kontsevaya A.V., Sirotko M.L., Mukaneeva D.K., Khudyakov M.B.
Abstract
Introduction: The high prevalence of behavioral risk factors in Russia has a significant impact on the health of the population being a serious threat for both current and future generations. There is substantial evidence on heath differences between and within countries. Aim: To estimate the 7-year survival rate and the association between risk factors and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among rural residents of the Samara region of Russia. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study conducted in the framework of the "Interepid» international project. The analysis included the data from a representative sample of the 20-64 years old rural residents of the Volzhsky district of the Samara region of the Russian Federation (n=1050). A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2011-2012. Vital status and deaths from all causes and from cardiovascular diseases were analyzed twice, after 4 years and after 7 years of the follow-up. Results: Smoking, hypertension, excess intake of meat offal, whole milk and yogurt were significantly associated with all-cause mortality among men while hypertension and obesity were the main contributors to all-cause mortality among women. CVD mortality was associated with smoking, hypertension, excess salt intake, excess intake of meat offal among men while hypertension, low physical activity and excess salt were the main risk factors among women. Conclusions: We observed significant contribution of many risk factors to all-cause and CVD mortality over a 7-year follow-up period. The importance of the risk factors significantly varied across genders. The results of the study can be used in planning, implementation and evaluation of the effectiveness of public health interventions.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2021;28(12):23-29
pages 23-29 views
COMPENSATORY AND ADAPTIVE BODY REACTIONS ON SHUTTLE TRAVEL FROM AND TO THE ARCTIC
Kolpakov V.V., Tomilova E.A., Bespalova T.V., Rybtsova T.N.
Abstract
Introduction: Effectiveness of compensatory mechanisms in adapting to environmental conditions is an important area for research in the field of human physiology yielding controversial results Aim: To study adaptation of respiratory and cardiovascular systems of men to shuttle travels between the Arctic and Central Russia. Methods: Two groups of geologists each consisting of 35 individuals comprised the sample. The complex investigation of functional systems (FS) activity was performed in Central Russia and after 2 years of work in the Arctic Data on minute respiratory volume, hemodynamic parameters and, morphofunctional features of blood were studied. Results: We observed two types of adaptation to unfavorable conditions of the North - the breathing type and the cardiovascular type of adaptation to provide adequate body supply with oxygen. In comparison with the reference values measured in Central Russia there was an increase in respiratory minute volume by 20.6 % in the breathing adaptation type group and by 19.6 % in the cardiovascular type adaptation group. Average concentration of hemoglobin increased by 1.50 and 1.85, but the difference was not significant. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that adaptation to the harsh conditions of the Arctic may occur either via mainly respiratory or mainly cardiovascular mechanisms
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2021;28(12):30-40
pages 30-40 views
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH IN DAIRY INDUSTRY
Novikova T.A., Lutsevich I.N., Aleshina Y.A., Baregamyan L.A.
Abstract
Introduction: Prevention of occupation diseases and elimination of risk factors are important tasks in the field of occupational health in various industries. Aim: To provide the evidence for the need of preventive measures in dairy industry in a Russian setting. Methods: We used secondary data from regular sanitary and hygienic studies with the total sample of 3779 dairy workers and performed a new study using 77 exposed and 35 non-exposed individuals at one of the regular check-ups in Saratov. Relative risks (RR) and etiological fractions (EF) were calculated. Results: Dairy workers are exposed to a wide range of risk factors including both hot (27.5-28.8 ° C) and cold (4.4 to -18 °C) air temperature, noise exceeding the permissible exposure limit by 4.5-18 dBA, insufficient lighting and physical overload. This allows classifying the working conditions as class 3.1-3.3 according to the national classification of occupational risks. Sensorineural hearing loss (RR = 4.3; EF = 76.7 %; CI = 1.6-3.9), diseases of the nervous system (RR = 4.4; EF = 77.2 %; CI = 2.358.21) and diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (RR = 2.2; EF = 55.1 %; CI = 1.17-3.1) were mainly attributed to occupational factors. Concluzion: Assessment of occupational risks and health needs of workers in dairy industry should be performed using a combination of sanitary-hygienic, epidemiological and clinical studies. Our findings contribute to better understanding of occupational diseases among dairy workers and can be used for identifying target groups for specific preventive measures.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2021;28(12):41-48
pages 41-48 views
GENETIC DIVERSITY OF ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS ISOLATES FROM CHILDREN WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN PRIMORSKY KRAI OF RUSSIA
Komenkova T.S., Zaitseva E.A., Shadrin A.M.
Abstract
Background: Escherichia coli is the most common cause of urinary tract infections (UTI). However, Enterococcus faecalis has been shown to be the most common causative agent of UTI among children and newborns in Primorsky Krai of Russia warranting further research. Aim: To study the occurrence of pathogenicity factor genes in the E. faecalis isolates from children with UTI in the Primorsky Krai of the Russian Far East. Methods: Forty-two E. faecalis clinical isolates from children under the age of 16 with UTI identified in 2013-2017 were studied. Phylogenetic diversity of the strains was assessed by the ultilocus sequence typing. Six genes, namely, cylA, aggA, efaA, eep, gelE, esp were tested in the isolates by polymerase chain reaction . Results: CylA, aggA, efaA, eep, gelE and esp genes occurred in 50.0 %, 80.95 %, 100 %, 100 %, 76.2 % and 71.4 % of the isolates, respectively. Eleven different gene variants were detected for the combination of pathogenicity factor genes. The most common gene variants were (aggA, cylA, efaA, eep, gelE, esp) and (aggA, efaA, eep, gelE). Among the uropathogenic E. faecalis. Fourteen sequence-types were identified (ST6, ST16, ST21, ST25, ST40, ST41, ST64, ST116, ST133, ST151, ST179, ST480, ST537, ST774), with ST179, ST774, ST6 being the most common. Conclusions: The identified diversity of sequence-types indicates the genetic heterogeneity of uropathogenic enterococci isolated in the Primorsky Krai. The detection of a large amount of pathogenicity factors and their combinations causes the predominance of E. faecalis in the region as a clinically relevant etiological agent of UTI among children. The identification of highly virulent sequence types such as E. faecalis ST6, ST179 and ST774 warrants further research to determine the population structure of enterococci.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2021;28(12):49-55
pages 49-55 views
COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF THE MAIN SOURCES OF EMISSIONS OF POLLUTANTS ON THE AIR QUALITY OF THE KUIBYSHEVSKY DISTRICT OF SAMARA
Myakisheva Y.V., Mikhailuk N.A., Fedoseykina I.V., Halitova Y.A., Dudina A.I.
Abstract
Introduction: Air quality in large urban settings is a considerable public health problem in Russia. Thus, identification of the main sources of pollution and qualitative assessment of their impact on air quality is of paramount importance. Aim: To perform comprehensive assessment of the influence of the main sources of pollutant emissions on air quality of atmospheric air in one of the districts in an industrial Russian city. Methods: Secondary data from the Federal State Budgetary Institution "Privolzhskoe UGMS" and the Federal State Budgetary Institution "Center of Epidemiology and Hygiene in the Samara Region" were obtained. Geographical maps, emission source location schemes, meteorological parameters, pollutant emissions and borders of sanitary protection zones of industrial enterprises were analyzed. Chromatographic, electrochemical, and photometric analysis, laboratory determination of the concentration of pollutants in the atmospheric air in different periods of the year were performed taking into account changing meteorological conditions. Results: As many as 26 % of emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere come from industrial sources while 45 % come from other anthropogenic sources including motor vehicles . Emissions from medium, small and microenterprises account for only 13 %, 9 % and 7 % of emissions, respectively. The most common pollutants were hydrogen sulfide, phenol, hydrocarbons C12-C19, formaldehyde andam- monia. Concentrations at the level of 0.2-0.4 MPC were found in most of the studied samples. In 16.4 % of the samples concentrations of hydrogen sulfide were up to 5.6 MPC. In the summer period with western and north-western winds, the concentration of pollutants was 15 % higher in all samples. In the cold period , with south-western and western winds excessive concentrations of pollutants in the atmospheric air was recorded in 23.3 % of the samples. Conclusions: Our findings suggest an adverse effect of air pollution on health of the residents of the studied district. Preventive measures in ecologically challenged areas of Samara are needed to preserve and promote health of the population.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2021;28(12):56-64
pages 56-64 views

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