No 8 (2012)

Articles
PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL STRESS AND METEOREACTON AS SYSTEMIC MANIFESTATIONS OF HUMAN DISADAPTATION UNDER CHANGING CLIMATIC CONDITIONS IN THE NORTH OF RUSSIA
Khasnulin V.I., Khasnulina A.V., Hasnulin V.I., Hasnulina A.V.
Abstract
It has been shown that the most sensitive integral criteria of human disadaptation manifestations under conditions of biologically significant changes in ambient temperature and other climatic and geographical factors in the North were subjectively perceived meteosensitivity and high levels of emotional stress, systemically interconnected with the homeostatic function of the body systems and an individual type of adaptive stress resistance. The characteristic of climatic changes negative influence on health was a reliably higher share of highly-meteosensitive population compared to the regions with a temperate climate. In formation of pathological meteosensitivity and high levels of emotional stress in the Arctic, a variety of biologically significant changes in meteorological and geophysical factors of high latitudes is involved, including considerable fluctuations in air temperature, atmospheric pressure, geomagnetic disturbances, solar corpuscular, X-ray, and radio-emission in the auroral zone.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):3-7
views
MODERN APPROACHES TO ASSESSMENT OF METABOLISM DISORDERS OF XENOBIOTICS DURING THEIR ADMINISTRATION INTO BODY FROM EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
Zemlyanova M.A., Kol'dibekova Y.V., Zemlyanova M.A., Koldibekova Y.V.
Abstract
In this review, there have been considered current approaches to identification and use of indicators that reflected xenobiotics metabolism disorders caused by, on the one hand, by genetically determined biochemical individuality and increased sensitivity of human body, on the other hand - by accumulation of them in body biological fluids during constant administration from external environment. The study of the basic components of enzyme systems that implement metabolism of xenobiotics, can detect abnormalities in the process of detoxification of chemicals, which makes it possible to adjust the main elements of the metabolic transformation of toxicants, and enzymatic detoxification system components considered as markers of metabolism of xenobiotics, due to increased individual sensitivity and stable flow of xenobiotics into the body from the environment.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):8-14
views
SOUL ECOLOGY: SYSTEM OF EDUCATION AND UPBRINGING
Agadzhanyan N.A., Agadzhanyan N.А.
Abstract
Thoughts about cultural revival of interests and values common to all mankind, moral cleaning, harmonization of human and society relationships with the biosphere, moral education and role of the intellectuals in these processes
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):15-18
views
SEXUAL CULTURE: A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO RESEARCH
Svetlichnaya T.G., Mosyagin I.G., Gubernitskaya S.V., Svetlichnaja T.G., Mosjagin I.G., Gubernitskaja S.V.
Abstract
Results of an interdisciplinary research analysis of foreign and domestic scholars studies of sexual culture have been presented in the article. The terms concept and structure have been considered. There has been given an analysis of methodological reasons that led to formation of bio-evolutionary, social, cultural and socio-psychological approaches to study of sexuality. There have been detected conceptual problems complicating definition and systematization of types of sexual culture and its determinants.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):19-24
views
ANALYSIS OF UNDERSTANDING OF INTERNATIONAL QUESTIONNAIRES BY RUSSIAN PEOPLE DURING POPULATION SURVEYS OF SOCIALLY IMPORTANT DISEASES
Kuznetsov V.N., Osland O., Balaeva T.N., Grzhibovskiy A.M., Kuznetsov V.N., Osland О., Balaeva T.N., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
The study was provided in Arkhangelsk to describe citizens perception and understanding of questions of questionnaires used for evaluation of preventive actions against HIV. We used qualitative approach with focus group discussion like the data gathering method and content analysis for data analysis. 27 informants aged 18-33 took part in the study. The focus group discussion allowed to detect understanding of meaning of the questions as well as values and social attitudes of the informants in this field. The informants understanding of the questions was like that supposed by the authors of the questionnaire in its original English version. As for the questions associated with information about infected persons in close environment, there were some differences in the informants and authors understanding, the same as in prevention programs. It should be considered for interpretation of results of the questionnaire. The majority of the informants said that their close social environment was of the same opinion on the questions.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):25-32
views
STUDY OF ASSESSMENT OF CITY ENVIRONMENT AERIAL TECHNOGENIC POLLUTANTS INFLUENCE ON INFANT MORBIDITY
Petrov S.B., Petrov B.A., Petrov S.B., Petrov B.A.
Abstract
In the article, materials of a study of influence of urban aerial technogenic pollutants on morbidity of infants living in Kirov have been given. It has been established that in the areas of industrial and power plants location and in the areas constituting zones of production emissions influence in comparison with the control area, there has been registered a statistically significant (p < 0.05) high general level of prevalence of diseases among the infants. In these areas, there has been established a direct, strong and statistically significant (p < 0.05) connection between the indicators characterizing atmospheric air complex pollution, a level of atmospheric air pollution with airborne suspended substances and frequency of prevalence of diseases of the respiratory organs, the nervous system, the ear and the mastoid process, separate states occurred in the perinatal period.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):33-36
views
RISK FACTORS AND REGIONAL CAUSES OF URINARY SYSTEM DISEASES IN CHILDREN IN PRIMORYE
Luchaninova V.N., Ni A., Pogodaeva T.V., Bykova O.G., Koval'chuk V.K., Semeshina O.V., Luchaninova V.N., Nee A., Pogodaeva T.V., Bykova O.G., Kovalchuk V.K., Semeshina O.V.
Abstract
Prevalence, dynamics, and regional causes of the urinary tract diseases in children in the Primorsky Krai have been studied. We used epidemiological, hygienic, clinical and statistical methods. The paper has given the results of the analysis of the urinary system incidence in the children in the Primorye Territory in 1998 - 2010. It has been found that the kidney incidence in the children was characterized by an expressed increase. Designed unfavorable prognosis: in next five years, frequency of the urinary tract infections is expected to increase by 3 times in children, by 2 times - in adolescents, and the chronic renal failure-by 2.5 times. Causes of development of the kidney disease are: high frequency of congenital malformations of the urinary system, poor anthropotechnogenic situation and climatic conditions in some areas, inadequate and poor nutrition, mild low-mineralized water supply systems with deficiency of many nutrients. Knowledge of objective data on the incidence allowed to make grounded management decisions regarding implementation of the scientific program for formation of groups at risk and early diagnostics of the urinary system diseases in the Primorye Territory with use of prognostic evaluation tables for neonatal screening.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):37-41
views
INNOVATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGIC TECHNOLOGIES OF ASSESSMENT OF DIOXINS IMPACTS ON CHILDRENS HEALTH
Revich B.A., Sergeev O.V., Shelepchikov A.A., Revich B.A., Sergeyev O.V., Shelepchikov A.A.
Abstract
The town of Chapaevsk in the Samara region remained one of the most notorious hotspots of dioxin pollution in Russia for many years. The levels of dioxins and other persistent organic pollutants (POPs) content in blood and breast milk of the town residents have been monitored since 2003. A longitudinal study of effects of dioxin pollution on physical and sexual development of boys has also begun in 2003. Levels of dioxins and POPs content in blood were measured annually in a cohort of 516 boys. This study documented a relationship between the POP levels in blood and the distance between the residence of the subjects and the source of the dioxin pollution. The POP content levels in blood were higher for the children who received breast milk (TEQ2005 = 24.5; 95 % CI 20.5 - 28.6) than for the children who received artificial feeding (TEQ2005 = 19.1; 16.5 - 22.1). The lower levels of dioxins and PCBs content were observed in the blood of the boys with higher BMI. The higher levels of POPs content in blood were observed among the boys whose families had vegetable gardens (TEQ2005 = 24.5; 23.6 - 27.3) compared to those whose families did not have gardens (TEQ2005 = 20.6; 18.9 - 22.4). The researchers observed correlations between the indicators of the boys physical development and the levels of dioxins and PCB content in their organisms. The levels of POPs content in the blood of the boys varied greatly from very low to very high, but the median levels were considerably higher than those observed in Europe and the USA.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):42-49
views
CHANGES OF INDICATORS OF PULMONARY VENTILATION IN ANNUAL CYCLE IN CHILDREN AT ADVANCED SCHOOL AGE, NATIVES OF EUROPEAN NORTH
Chupakova L.V., Shcherbina F.A., Smolina V.S., Chupakova L.V., Shcherbina F.A., Smolina V.S.
Abstract
A survey of the same groups of almost healthy children (35 boys and 35 girls) at the advanced school age four times a year (winter, spring, summer, autumn) has been conducted on the basis of school N 35 of Arkhangelsk. Indicators of the dynamic pulmonary volumes and capacities have been studied, a dependence of sizes of the respiratory volume, minute volume of the boys breath and the maximum ventilation of the girls lungs on seasons of the year has been established. An increase of functional abilities of the respiratory system during the autumn period of the year has been established.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):50-53
views
POLYPOUS RHINOSINUSITIS
Vereshchagin M.Y., Minkin A.U., Vereshchagin M.Y., Minkin А.U.
Abstract
In modern literature, there is observed morbidity growth of malignant tumors of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses. Absolute majority of patients with this pathology start treatment already having III-IV stage of the disease. There is no tendency of a decreased neglect rate of malignant tumors of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses. Treatment efficiency of patients with tumors of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses depends on timely diagnostics. The main reason of late diagnostics is insufficient oncologic alarm in primary health care. All said above is actual, because the problems of therapeutic approaches to treatment of premalignant states havent been solved. At the same time, background processes preceding tumors of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses are morphologically revealed in 56.7 % of patients. One of the most frequent background processes of malignant tumors development is chronic polypous rhinosinusitis. Prevalence of chronic polypous rhinosinusitis is high. There is observed an increase of the chronic polypous rhinosinusitis incidence 2-4 % annually in the last ten years. Higher frequency of inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses is a result of serious ecological changes. There are only isolated literary data considering the chronic polypous rhinosinusitis as a premalignant state.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):54-58
views
STRUCTURE OF ACUTE DISEASES OF INTERNAL ORGANS AND SECONDARY ORGANOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN VICTIMS OF MARINE DISASTERS
Zakrevskiy Y.N., Matveev R.P., Butikov V.P., Balakhnov D.O., Zakrevsky Y.N., Matveev R.P., Butikov V.P., Balakhnov D.O.
Abstract
The structure of acute diseases of the internal organs and secondary organopatological changes in survivors of big marine disasters of military and civil ships connected with hull damages and their sinking in the period from 1980 till 2011 has been studied. The acute diseases of the internal organs developed in 28.1 %: with supercooling at the background - in 17.1 % of the persons, combined two-factor meсhanical-cold injuries in 9.6 %, ambustial-chemical traumas in 0.9 %. The secondary organopathological changes of the internal organs in the survivors of the marine disasters increased up to 12.1 %: after acute cold traumas - in 5.8 % of the survivors, after combined two-factor meсhanical-cold traumas - in 5.5 %, after ambustial-chemical traumas - in 0.8 %. Among the survivors, the acute diseases of internal organs against serious organism supercooling and serious meсhanical-cold damages have been diagnosed in 68.5 %, and in cases of supercooling of light and medium degree and light mechanical cold traumas - in 28.3 %, what was 2.4 times less.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(8):59-64
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies