PHYSICAL FITNESS OF RUSSIAN AND INDIAN STUDENTS STUDYING IN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY



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Abstract

Physical development, functional status and physical fitness of Russian and Indian male students studying in the Northern State Medical University were compared during two years. In the Indians, the anthropometric indexes, functional capability of the cardiorespiratory system and physical fitness showed statistically-valid inferiority to those evaluated in the Russians. The biggest part of the first-year students had the average level of physical development. Exercises contributed to improvement of central hemodynamic indexes, speed and strength properties and flexibility. Physical exertion optimization is needed in order to gain a training effect.

Full Text

В последние годы увеличивается академическая мобильность иностранных студентов в северные регионы России. В то же время вопросы приспособления физиологических систем мигрантов из других климатических зон к условиям Европейского Севера, адаптация их к учебному процессу в вузе нуждаются в дальнейшем изучении [2, 5, 8-10]. Оптимизация процесса обучения зарубежных студентов предусматривает исследование адаптации учащихся к новым условиям на различных уровнях их жизнедеятельности и возможности ее коррекции. При изучении адаптации иностранных учащихся, как правило, выделяют три группы адаптационных проблем: академические, вызванные учебным процессом; индивидуальные, сопряженные с особенностями личности; социокультурные, связанные с условиями новой социальной среды. Проблемы эти интенсивно изучаются и успешно применяются в практике обучения иностранцев в вузах [5, 7]. Однако исследователи недооценивают вопросы адаптации, связанные с физической активностью иностранных учащихся, так как именно здесь кроются резервы повышения эффективности процесса приспособления. Цель работы - сравнить динамику физического развития, функционального состояния и физической подготовленности российских и иностранных студентов, занимающихся физической культурой в медицинском вузе.
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About the authors

M N Kondratyeva

Northern State Medical University

Email: pitusya@inbox.ru
Arkhangelsk

N I Ishekova

Northern State Medical University

Arkhangelsk

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Copyright (c) 2012 Kondratyeva M.N., Ishekova N.I.

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