No 8 (2015)

Articles
PREVENTION OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRESS IN LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS
Korehova M.V., Novikova I.A., Soloviev A.G.
Abstract
In order to develop approaches to prevention of organizational stress (OS) in law enforcement officers, 155 police officers have been examined. It has been revealed that one third of them had a high level of OS and were characterized by low adaptive capacity, signs of psychological maladjustment, symptoms of professional burnout. Basic principles for prevention of OS in law enforcement officers with separation of professional-organizational, social and individual-psychological areas of work contributing to formation of their high psychological stability have been grounded.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):3-9
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OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH HAZARDS ARISING DURING MINING AND PROCESSING OF APATITE ORES IN KOLA HIGH NORTH
Syurin S.A., Chashchin V.P., Shilov V.V.
Abstract
Despite the ongoing modernization processes, mining and chemical industry workers in the Kola High North continue to be exposed to an increased risk of various health disorders. The aim of the study was to examine the nature and the risks of occupational diseases (OD) and industrial accidents (IA) arising from the use of modern technologies of extraction and processing of apatite-nepheline ores. It has been found that in the OD structure, there dominated musculoskeletal (43.5 cases per 10,000 workers) and nervous (19.0) diseases, as well as hearing loss (17.3). In comparison with other workers, OD were most often (1.39-4.81 times) observed in underground miners. Also, IA cases were more frequently recorded in this group of workers, including fatalities. Thus, our studies have shown that modern methods of extraction of apatite-nepheline ore in the Kola Polar region retained an increased risk of occupational diseases and injuries, especially among underground miners. This causes the need to improve technical and medical interventions for prevention of health problems in this group of workers.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):10-15
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ECOLOGO-GEOGRAPHICAL ASSESSMENT OF CHILD CANCER INCIDENCE AMONG CHILDREN IN REPUBLIC OF DAGESTAN
Abdurakhmanov G.M., Gasangadzhieva A.G., Daudova M.G., Gadzhiev A.A.
Abstract
The growing incidence of child cancer in the Republic of Dagestan testifies troubled environmental situation. This is why it is critical to define dependence between child cancer incidence and impact of environmental factors in the Republic's regions with troubled environmental conditions. In this study for the first time, we have conducted a comprehensive medical and ecological monitoring and an analysis of the total child cancer incidence in the Republic of Dagestan based on our multiyear data. The key methods of used research were a routine and look back analysis of the regional health indicators, the cartographic method, mathematic and cartographic modeling and the methods of medical and geographical analysis. We have identified epidemiological peculiarities of the child cancer incidence. A cartographic document has been made to show a geographic association of child cancer with different regions and towns of the Republic. Ecological, geographical and epidemiological assessment based on mathematical and cartographic modeling made it possible to divide the territory of the Republic into districts according to the degrees of environmental problems and to forecast the child cancer incidence. The results of this research can be used in working out a policy and strategies in the field of social and economic development, environmental monitoring and the healthcare system in the Republic of Dagestan; they will help to develop scientifically based recommendations for cancer prevention important for the Republic's districts, which can be used by the Dagestan Ministry of Health institutions to screen the children's health status.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):16-25
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FEATURES OF VEGETATIVE REGULATION OF HEART RHYTHM, PERIPHERAL BLOOD AND HORMONAL PROFILE IN ADOLESCENTS OF STAVROPOL REGION: ETHNOPHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS
Agadzhanyan N.A., Tsaturian L., Kuvandykova R.H.
Abstract
A comprehensive multi-stage expedition study of healthy adolescents from different ethnic groups of the Stavropol Territory has been carried out. On the basis of the heart rate variability data, there has been determined dominant influence of the sympathetic nervous system, expressed stress and strain of the regulatory systems in the adolescents, which were more developed in the Russian girls. Taking into account ethnic differences, there have been revealed qualitative and quantitative differences between the basic parameters of the peripheral blood, characterized by a relative increase in the level of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the Russian schoolchildren, a large volume of red blood cells in the Turkmen girls and the largest amount of platelets in the Turkmen boys. The level of these hormones in the groups of the adolescents of different nationalities was within the age norm, with higher cortisol values observed in the Russian adolescents of both sexes, what indicated a higher tension of adaptation mechanisms in the group of the Russian schoolchildren. Concentration of sex hormones in the blood serum was higher in the Russian boys and the Turkmen girls. Identified variations of the studied parameters were probably caused by influence of natural-climatic factors on the body, as well as by specificity of metabolic regulation of the growing organism and the adolescents' ethnicity.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):26-31
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FEATURES OF EXTERNAL BREATH SYSTEM REACTION (RESPONSE) TO LOCAL COOLING OF HAND AND FOOT SKIN IN YOUNG ABLE-BODIED PERSONS
Gudkov A.B., Shangina A.A., Fedotov D.M., Gribanov A.V.
Abstract
Changes of static and dynamic indicators of the external breath function during local cooling of the hand and foot skin in 30 young men and 30 girls aged 18-24 years which were born and constantly lived in the European North of Russia has been studied. The study was carried out with the ergospirometry system Oxycon Pro. At the initial stage, the indicators of functional state of external breath were estimated with the spirography. The following stage consisted of carrying out local cooling of the hand skin. The examinee put down a hand for 1 minute in a vessel with water which temperature successively was 24° С, 15° С and 8° С. Right after cooling repeated spirography was performed. The restoration interval between the tests was 25-30 minutes. In the same sequence, cooling of feet was carried out, and spirography was performed. It has been established that local cooling significantly influenced some indicators of external breath. Thus during cold impact on the skin peripheral thermoreceptors both of the hands and feet of the girls, a statistically significant increase in the respiratory minute volume (RMV) and respiratory rate (RR) indicators was observed, and in the young men, similar reactions were revealed only during feet cooling. During cooling of the young men's hands, only the RR value increased significantly, while the maximal breathing capacity (MBC) values and the breathing reserve (BR) values significantly decreased. Besides, a decrease in the RR indicators during cold impact on the foot skin in the young men was observed.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):32-37
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SYNERGETIC BIOPSYCHOSOCIOSPIRITUAL CONCEPTION OF DIABETES MENTAL EPIDEMIC
Sidorov P.I., Sovershaeva E.P.
Abstract
Diabetes is a burning medical-social epidemic of the contemporary world. At the maximum level of generalization, it can be considered as a hedonistic mentality trap of "dolce vita" of the consumer society. Diabetes requires development of a multidisciplinary approach to etiopathogenesis and clinical findings, preventive-correctional and medical-rehabilitation aid. There has been proposed a synergetic conception of Diabetes including three prenosological fractals: predisposition - a diabetogenic family, latent - diabetogenic diathesis, initial - pre-diabetes, and three nosological fractals: an onset, chronization and an outcome. There have been grounded mechanisms of development of a Diabetes mental epidemic and a program of medical and psychosociospiritual aid.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):38-47
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THE ROLE OF LOCAL INJECTION THERAPY IN IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WITH GONARTHROSIS
Bragina S.V., Matveev R.P.
Abstract
On the basis of a comparative analysis depending on a disease stage, there have been given the results of treatment of 42 patients with osteoarthrosis of the knee joint with the method of local injection therapy. The patients were treated on an outpatient basis by an orthopedist. It has been found that the best improvement results have been reached at the I stage of OA in 94.7 % of the patients, the results were slightly worse at the II stage - in 83.3 % and at the III stage - in 60.0 % of the patients. The patients did not show deterioration of the clinical picture of the knees' state, but in 14.3 %, a positive role of this type of treatment has not been subjectively established. Undoubtedly, that was due to the existing orthopedic pathologies of the knee joint - contractures, presence of chondromatosis, the changing axis of the extremity, degenerative-dystrophic changes of the menisci and the articular cartilage, state of the periarticular tissues. Thus, local injection therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee takes an important place in the system of complex treatment. To a greater extent, it is indicated for treatment at the I and II degrees of gonarthrosis due to its maximum efficiency. At the III degree of gonartrosis, there are increased indications for operative treatment - knee arthroplasty.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):48-52
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EPIDEMIOLOGY AND RISK FACTORS OF CHRONIC CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES AND ISCHEMIC STROKE IN CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE NORTH OF WESTERN SIBERIA
Bogdanov A.N., Karpin V.A.
Abstract
An analysis of the chronic cerebrovascular diseases' structure and prevalence, as well as morbidity, mortality and risk factors for ischemic stroke in the Middle Ob region of Western Siberia for the period 1989-2010 (Surgut) has been done. The cardiovascular diseases prevalence in the adult population was 73.4 %, among which there predominated arterial hypertension (46.1 %). There has been revealed increased morbidity and mortality from stroke during the whole study at a level exceeding the observed regions of European Russia. An analysis of risk factors showed growing pathogenetic significance of arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease and diabetes with a relatively stable value of other recognized risk factors of disease progress. The leading role of arterial hypertension in formation of an acute period of stroke has been shown. A program of objective phased identification of patients from the stroke risk group and their active rehabilitation has been proposed.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):53-57
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PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA, ITS SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS AND POTENTIAL ASSOCIATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME IN RESIDENTS OF TURKESTAN, SOUTHERN KAZAKHSTAN
Sadykova K.Z., Shalkharova Z.S., Shalkharova Z.N., Nuskabayeva G.O., Sadykova А.D., Zhunissova M.B., Madenbay К.M., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
We have studied the prevalence and socio-demographic determinants of anemia and also have investigated associations between anemia and metabolic syndrome in Turkestan, Southern Kazakhstan region, Kazakhstan. Southern Kazakhstan is one of the regions with the lowest level of incomes. The sample consisted of 839 patients from the polyclinic of the International Kazakh-Turkish University. The overall prevalence of anemia was 26.4 %. The highest prevalence of anemia was observed among women (30.4 %) and in the age group 30-39 years (39,0 %). A multiple logistic regression was performed to study independent associations between the studied factors and development of anemia with and without adjustment to other socio-demographic factors. The odds of anemia in persons from the oldest age category is 5 times lower than in the younger age categories. Odds of anemia in men by 2.4 times less compared to women. A multiple linear regression was used to study associations between hemoglobin levels and socio-demographic factors. There were statistically significant relationship between hemoglobin levels and age (β = 5.85; 95 % CI: 1.63; 10.06), between hemoglobin level and gender (β = 21.50; 95 % CI: 19.12 ; 23.89). Also, was found statistically significant interaction between the presence of metabolic syndrome and the level of hemoglobin after adjustment for all socio-demographic factors ((β = 3.12; 95 % CI: 0.53; 1.32).
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(8):58-64
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