No 11 (2012)

Articles
HOLISTIC APPROACH IN SYSTEM OF GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
Ushakov I.B., Sorokin O.G.
Abstract
New realias into which the mankind ran in the twenty first century are characterized by a tremendous upgrowth of science, techniques, information technologies and are accompanied by economical and social perturbations. They demand brand new views of the environment, the man and the society. In the article, the necessity to use a holistic approach in the system of general knowledge, especially in biology and medicine, has been grounded.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):3-10
views
SCIENTIFIC-METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF ASSESSMENT OF POPULATION HEALTH RISK IN COMPLEX ECOLOGICAL-HYGIENIC STUDIES OF TERRITORIES
Ivanov V.P., Vasilyeva O.V., Polonikov A.V.
Abstract
Despite big quantity of studies of various pollutants’ influence on population health, many questions of methodical and methodological character remain disputable and unresolved till now. In practice, it is difficult to determine real contribution of a concrete source to common pollution, to estimate probability of development and a degree of expressiveness of adverse consequences for human health. In this connection on the basis of the risk concept, new ways and methods of their assessment are developed actively by carrying out of complex ecological-hygienic studies. In this article, we have tried to sum up the works of the leading experts on the the risk concept theoretical development, to consider its advantages and disadvantages, to analyze the results of its practical introduction in national studies over the last years.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):11-19
views
CLERKSHIP’S OCCUPATIONAL STRESS EVALUATION RELIABILITY
Bukhtiyarov I.V., Rubtsov M.Y., Chesalin P.V.
Abstract
During a hygienic, psychological and physiological complex study, objective interrelationships between modern office workers work intensity and psychological, as well as the cardio-vascular and the central nervous system functional state changes, have been established. These changes indicated occupational stress development against mental work intensity increase. A complex of methods (including computer programs of psychological tests) for occupational stress manifestations detection at the prenosological stage and prevention have been selected.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):20-26
views
MODERN PROBLEMS OF PERIODIC MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS HOLDING AND ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH OF WORKING POPULATION ACCORDING TO EXAMINATION RESULTS
Prokopenko L.V., Sokolova L.A.
Abstract
Periodic medical examinations (PME) of working population exposed to impact of harmful and dangerous factors of working environment do not provide timely detection of occupational pathologies, what results in progress of persistent loss of occupational capacity in the period of occupational activities. Among the reasons of the situation, there is absence of lists of persons subjected to PME, data on working conditions for assessment of antecedent risk of occupational disease progress, as well as approved methods for assessment of their health indicators according to PME results and establishment of cause-effect relations of disease progress with working conditions. The study of the results of PME of population working in the Arkhangelsk industrial complex has allowed to determine indicators of PME completeness, quality, to calculate medical-biological health indicators for examined contingents, to establish cause-effect relations between disease progress and working conditions.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):27-32
views
OPPORTUNITIES OF THERMOGRAPHY AND HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN PREDICITVE VALUATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL STATE
Popova N.V., Popov V.A., Gudkov A.B.
Abstract
Among apparently healthy persons, there has been carried out a thermographical study of hands and a computer analysis of the heart rhythm variability before and after a cold test. It has been established that detected in persons aged 20—30 years convection-type heat transmission from terminal phalanges by blood stream from finger arteries to superficial vessels during not less than 10 minutes in case of domination of activity of the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) indicated good compensatory reactions of the vascular system. The most spread among the persons over 50 and older of the contact way of heat transmission in forearms from warm zones to cold zones during 22 minutes and more in case of domination of activity of the parasympathetic nervous system was indicative of cold deadaptation.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):33-37
views
HEART RATE VARIABILITY OF THE YOUTHS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF HEMODYNAMICS
Pushkina V.N., Varentsova I.A.
Abstract
The research of the heart rate variability of the youths with different types of the heart rate regulation showed that persons with the hypokinetic circulation type under the heart activity apparent economization had the strictest structural organization of the cardiovascular system, what could adversely affect the velocity of its responses under stressors’ influence. The cardiovascular system of the youths with the hyperkinetic circulation type had high abilities to adapt urgently in cases of raised power inputs for the heart rate regulation. The youths with the eukinetic circulation type had an optimal structural organization of the heart functioning with the high level of its lability and adaptive reserves.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):38-43
views
HOMEOSTASIOLOGICAL STATUS OF WOMEN AGAINST RECEPTION OF COMBINED ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES
Gamyrkina D.R., Vorobyova N.A.
Abstract
Aim: Assessment of influence of the combined oral contraceptives, taking into account estrogen doses and duration of the preparation use, on condition of the homeostasis system in women at reproductive age in the population of Arkhangelsk. Methods: A cross-sectional clinical-laboratory study of influence of the combined oral contraceptives on the homeostasis system has been carried out. Results: Statistically significant distinctions were received as an indicator of activated partial thromboplastin time (р = 0.002), that testified a tendency to hypercoagulation in the women taking the combined oral contraceptives in comparison with the control group.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):44-49
views
UROLITHIASIS PREVALENCE IN ULYANOVSK REGION, RISK FACTORS, EARLY DIAGNOSTICS
Klochkov V.V., Ermolaeva S.V., Klochkov A.V., Kurashov A.V.
Abstract
The water indicators: mineralization, rigidity, chromatic-ity are risk factors in urolithiasis formation. Potable water with excessive mineralization, rigidity, chromaticity should be exposed to cleaning and filtration in order to prevent formation of stones in the kidneys. In areas with a high risk of urolithiasis, it is necessary to examine population with use of the “Litos-sistema”. That allows to carry out early diagnostics, effective preventive maintenance and urolithiasis treatment.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):50-55
views
APPLICATION OF PHOTOTHERAPY FOR TREATMENT OF PLACENTAL INSUFFICIENCY IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH DIABETES MELLITUS IN CONDITIONS OF ECOLOGICAL TROUBLE UNDER BLOOD SERUM MORPHOLOGY CONTROL
Tadzhieva V.D., Trubnikova L.I., Kulikova T.K., Izmajlova F.A., Albutova M.L.
Abstract
Purpose of study. Estimation of efficiency of application of BIOPTRON phototherapy for treatment of placental insufficiency (PI) in pregnant women with 1 type diabetes mellitus (DM1) in conditions of ecological trouble. Methods. Two groups of supervision were formed: the I group - 42 pregnant women with DM1 who received phototherapy “BIOPTRON”; the II group - 57 pregnant women with DM1 who did not receive phototherapy (the control group). Efficiency of the carried out therapy was estimated with the use of the markers of blood serum morphology. All received materials were subjected to statistical processing with given reliability 95 % or significance value (p) 0.05. Results and conclusions. In the 1-st group of the women with DM1, the outcomes of pregnancy were more favorable both for the mothers and for the fetuses. Almost 7 times less often, pregnancy was terminated in the second trimester (p < 0.01 less often), premature births occurred 2 times less often, diabetic fetopathy developed 3.3 times less often as well as fetus chronic intrauterine hypoxia, placental insufficiency occurred 2 times less often (OR - 0.42, RRR - 76 %, NNT - 1.31). Pregnancies complicated with heavy forms of toxemia of pregnancy occurred also much less often (OR — 0.12, 95 % CI 0.06 — 0.2, p = 0.003) in comparison with the control group. Outcomes of the deliveries of the pregnant women with DM1 receiving phototherapy indicated positive influence of light waves BIOPTRON on homeostasis.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;(11):56-64
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies