No 10 (2015)

Articles
ASSESSMENT OF EFFECTIVENESS OF BIOFEEDBACK TRAINING FOR CORRECTION OF FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF SUBMARINERS IN PERIOD OF A LONG-TERM AUTONOMOUS MISSION
Khankevich Y.R., Bloshchinsky I.A., Vasilyev A.S., Kalmanov A.S.
Abstract
The project has presented the results of testing of correction of a functional status of a group of submariners during autonomous navigation of a submarine, using the method based on the principle of biological feedback (BFB). BFB (biofeedback) is a modern technology of functional status (FS) correction based on presentation to a person of information on his status and changes of his physiological indices for the purpose of training his conscious control of various vegetative functions of the body. This technology allows to develop skills of self-regulation and to increase lability of regulatory mechanisms, what increases human resistance to adverse environmental factors. The results of the research have demonstrated high efficiency of biofeedback trainings for prompt correction of the submariners' functional status changes during their intensive professional activity.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):3-8
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EVALUATION OF THYROID IN WOMEN ARE AT RISK RADIATION EXPOSURE AND THEIR DESCENDANTS IN TWO GENERATIONS
Dudareva Y.A., Gurieva V.A.
Abstract
A prospective study of thyroid function in 112 women of the second generation descendants, ancestors of whom were in the area of radiation effects of the Semipalatinsk test site 29 August 1949. In retrospect, thyroid disease was studied in progenitors (233 women exposed to radiation) and parents - the descendants of the first generation (247 women). The control group included women not exposed to radiation and radiation lived outside the track. Retrospective analysis phase included archival documents and conducted with historical controls. Prospective phase included a study of the type "case - control". The state of the thyroid gland and its hormone profile, gorrmony pituitary. It was found that women who were in the area of radiation exposure, thyroid disease is more common, in contrast to the control group (8,2 ± 0,2) and (2,1 ± 0,3) %; p = 0.046, they are characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, postoperative (not excluded surgery for thyroid cancer), autoimmune thyroiditis, thyroid cancer. Among women, the first generation descendants of thyroid disease met by 68.3 % more than in the control group (p = 0.014), but as women of the second generation offspring. In women, the second-generation descendants greatly increased in the structure of the thyroid gland pathology share of autoimmune thyroiditis (11.6 %; p = 0.039), which was not observed in their parents and grandparents. Thus, the high incidence of thyroid disease is characterized by both women exposed to radiation, and their descendants in the first and second generation.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):9-13
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ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF LEGIONELLA GENUS STRAINS ISOLATED IN TERRITORY OF PRIMORSKY AREA
Martynova A.V., Balabanova L.A., Bogatyrenko E.A., Buzoleva L.S.
Abstract
The spread of microorganisms of Legionella genus is a significant problem of ecology of microorganisms. Being widely spread, these microorganisms remain uncultivated. The aim of our research was to reveal spreadштп of microbes of Legionella genus in natural and anthropogenic ecosystems in order to define the role of Legionella pneumophilla. Methods: we studied 150 samples received from the natural (75 samples) and anthropogenic (75 samples) ecosystems. The strains of Legionella pneumophilla were identified with PCR. Results: the strains of Legionella genus were identified in 37.7 % (28/75) of all samples obtained from the natural ecological niches and in 33.3 % (25/75) of the samples obtained from the anthropogenic ecological niches. Discussion of the results: the Legionella strains play a significant role in the association of water microorganisms.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):14-17
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SYNERGETIC BIOPSYCHOSOCIOSPIRITUAL CONCEPTION OF MENTAL EPIDEMICS OF PSYCHOSOMATOSES
Sidorov P.I., Sovershaeva E.P.
Abstract
A mental pandemy of psychosomatoses is consistently developing in singular and stress-producing reality. There has been proposed a synergetic biopsychosociospiritual conception of epidemic psychosomatic disorders, including three prenosological fractals of development: predisposition - a psychosomatogenic family, latent - psychovegetative diathesis, initial - a functional disorder, and three nosological fractals: a full-scale clinical picture - a mental epidemic, chronization - a destructive mental epidemic, an outcome - a pandemy. There has been grounded a block-modular approach to development of multidisciplinary programs and patient-specific medical-preventive routes of mental medicine. Its mission consists in adaptive engineering and management of consciousness and health. Its enables to plan and reconstruct mental immunity as the matrix of identity and security base.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):18-26
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ANALYSIS OF DC-POTENTIAL LEVEL IN ASSESSMENT OF BODY FUNCTIONAL STATE (REVIEW)
Deputat I.S., Nekhoroshkova A.N., Gribanov A.V., Bolshevidceva I.L., Startseva L.F.
Abstract
A review of modern scientific approaches to assessment of the brain energy metabolism by way of recording DC-potential levels has been presented in the article. A DC-potential level is a slowly varying steady potential of the millivolt range. It is one of the types of superslow physiological processes recorded between the brain and reference areas with use of DC amplifiers. It reflects individual characteristics of general and local energy consumption associated with the general brain and nervous system functional state. It has been underlined that the DC-potential level was a quantitative index of body current functional state that determined its physiological activity, presented activity of the neurophysiological mechanisms of permanent purpose supporting cerebral homeostasis in norm and regulating the functional hemispheric asymmetry. There have been shown views of domestic and foreign scientists on the nature of the DC-potential level and physiological patterns of the DC-potential level distribution. The dependence of the dynamics of the DC-potential level indices on the age influences and the cyclic mode of the body functionality has been described. It has been shown that the study of the DC-potential level helped to reveal mechanisms of interdependence of the brain energy metabolism and other body systems, to determine homeostasis features in changing environment, to assess probabilities of psychosomatic pathology and effectiveness of drug therapy. Particular attention has been paid to the analysis of possibilities of using the DC-potential level for establishment of relationships between the body functional activity and the brain energy metabolism and for practical development of new methods for diagnosis of different states.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):27-36
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CHANGES IN SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CLIMATE, TEAM’S MOOD AND EXPEDITION MEMBERS’ STATUS IN DYNAMICS OF AN ARCTIC VOYAGE
Porokhina I.A., Voytekhovich T.S., Simonova N.N.
Abstract
Objective: To study the dynamics of socio-psychological climate and mood of the team, a functional status of an expedition members during an Arctic voyage. Methods: psychological testing, observation. Type of study: observational, descriptive. Sample: members of the expedition "Arctic Floating University 2013", 38 people. Statistical methods: descriptive statistics, ANOVA with repeated measurements, the Friedman χ 2- criterion. Conclusions: 1. Knowledge of the features of the expedition team members composing the group formed for the first time increased from the beginning to the end of the voyage. 2. The expedition duration (25 days) was not sufficient for the team to reach the stage of functional-role correlation. Development of the group unity did not significantly affect the team mood due to the onset of fatigue because of communication and work in monotonous conditions. 3. The features of the change of the expedition members' functional status were as follows: the delayed lowering of self-rating of the states (initially human condition itself worsened); the phase of reversing trends preceded the phase of resource use optimization; the phase of "waiting for the voyage end" was separated; during the voyage, specially arranged emotional events affected the participants' self-rating of the functional states; the changes in the states during the voyage did not have a large amplitude, in their manifestation was not extreme.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):37-46
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DYNAMICS OF AGGRESSION INDICATORS IN PEOPLE IN PRISON DURING LUNAR MONTH
Fedorova O.I.
Abstract
Influence of the lunar cycles on human activity and functional state remains a subject of debate. Research objective: identification of aggression indicators with use of the Bass-Darky method in individuals who were in prison in the dynamics of a lunar cycle. 298 people have been examined. One of problems of work - check of a hypothesis that actual lunar rhythms don't influence human state and the result of such influence is their coincidence with the cycles of a geo-heliophysical origin. Use of the moving average method and the spline method allowed to obtain curves of the aggression indicators during the lunar cycles and in their different quarters. It has been established that just before the full Moon, the indicators of indirect aggression, irritability, suspiciousness and sense of guilt had the maximum values, during the full Moon, the level of verbal aggression was the highest, after the full Moon period, the values of physical aggression were the highest. Sensitivity and negativism increased in the beginning of the II and IV quarters of the Moon. The second quarter of the Moon was a period of a synchronous increase of all aggression indicators except for physical aggression which was maximum in the IV quarter. The majority of the aggression indicators correlated with the dynamics of the Kr-index of the geomagnetic field recorded during the lunar month with a delay log 6-8 days, and for the indicator of physical aggression - with an advance of 2 days.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):47-54
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PREDICTION OF OUTCOMES AFTER STROKE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Kadyrova I.A., Mindubaeva F.A., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
In the contemporary world one of the leading causes of death and disability of the population belongs to the stroke. The average frequency of death within the first 30 days after stroke varies from 17 % to 34 %. During the first year about 50 % of patients die. Only 20 % of stroke survivors recover completely, while 80 % of these patients are permanently disabled. Along with the issues of stroke's prevention, treatment and its rehabilitation, it is a relevant aspect to predict the outcome of the patient in the post-stroke condition. It is known that the timely prediction of the cerebral stroke's outcome allows to avoid patient's death and to reduce the neurological deficit in case of correct appointment. Predictive models and scales are the simplest and most accessible instrument for estimating the patient's condition and predicting the outcome after stroke. Despite a considerable quantity of studies in this area the problem of forecasting the stroke's outcome is still relevant. Over the past 10 years the predictive value of some clinical scales has been further investigated, new information about biomarkers has been obtained, whose appearance in the blood correlates with the outcome of stroke, and which could potentially be used in predictive models. The information is not always available for physicians and researchers because of the presence of fragmentation and a language barrier. So the aim of this systematic review was analyzing and combining the available information of the methods predicting the stroke's outcome in the past 10 This review article presents an analysis of methods predicting the outcome in patients after stroke. The study included full-text publications in the English language for the last 10 years, describing the scales or models predicting the post-stroke's outcome in patient. We studied 668 sources in databases MEDLINE, SCOPUS, describing the clinical scales or prediction models that use serum biomarkers as predictors. After screening, 35 articles were selected and included in the analysis.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(10):55-64
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