No 8 (2014)

Articles
MATERNAL OCCUPATION AND MARITAL STATUS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH BIRTH WEIGHT AND RISK OF PRETERM BIRTH IN MONCHEGORSK (MURMANSK REGION) DURING A 30-YEAR PERIOD
Kozlovskaya A.V., Odland J.O., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
We have studied social variations in the average birth weight and prevalence of preterm birth over a 30 year period based on data from the Kola Birth Registry (KBR) in Monchegorsk, we also have investigated associations between birth weight and preterm delivery and maternal occupation. Data on 24,602 infants born live from singleton pregnancies with birth weight above 1,000 grams and their mothers were abstracted inform the KBR. Associations between maternal occupation, marital status and birth weight and preterm birth have been studied. Multiple linear regression was used to quantify influences of independent variables of maternal characteristics on birth weight and preterm births. The multivariable logistic regression was applied to study independent associations between the studied factors and preterm births with and without adjustment to potential confounders. The babies born by the unmarried mothers were on the average 101 g (95% CI: -118, -84) lighter than the babies born by the married women. The women from all other occupations except machine operators, mechanical and trade workers had lighter babies compared to the women from the highest occupational category. The babies of the unmarried mothers were more likely to be born preterm (OR=1.73, 95% CI: 1.37, 2.19). Birth weight and risk of preterm delivery are connected with social factors, such as the mother’s occupation and her marital status, admittedly through the economic component.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):3-12
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CHANGES OF PSYCHOMOTOR DEVELOPMENT PARAMETERS IN 7 - 9 Y. O. CHILDREN
Lukmanova N.B., Volokitina T.V., Gudkov A.B., Safonova O.A.
Abstract
There has been conducted a longitutidal study of schoolchildren’s physical status and psychomotor development during three years at the beginning of each academic year with participation of same first-form schoolchildren of a secondary school in Arkhangelsk. On the whole, there have been examined 76 schoolchildren (37 boys and 39 girls) at the age 7-9 y. o. An analysis of the study results has shown heterochronia and inequality of psychomotor development of the northern children at the age 7-9 years with different levels of physical fitness, what, probably, depended on individual features of functional maturation of the brain structures. Comparative monitoring has detected better formedness of praxes in the children with a medium physical fitness level, what showed bigger maturity of the motor analyzer in comparison with the children who had a low physical fitness level.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):13-19
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HEAVY METALS CLEARANCE WITH USE OF CALCIUM ALGINATE
Savchenko O.V.
Abstract
Transportation and accumulation of heavy metals in bodies, even in small doses, threatens health of millions of people, especially children. The aim of our study was to determine heavy metals content in hair, urine and feces of urban preschool children and to study effectiveness of calcium alginate nutritional supplements for correction of trace-element disorders. We determined the levels of cadmium (Cd), and strontium (Sr) in hair, urine and feces of 50 children (aged 5-7 years) using the method of atomic absorption spectrometry. We have found that the medians of substance content in urine were 102.17 and 0.12 pg/l for Sr and Cd respectively. In hair, the medians were 2.30 and 0.16 pg/g for Sr and Cd respectively. Then, we have divided 42 children into two groups: the Control group, and the Alginate group. For correction of trace-element disorders, we provided the children of the Alginate group with calcium alginate nutritional supplements during four weeks (600 mg per day). The results have shown that in their hair at the end of the observation period, the medians were 1.35 and 0.07 pg/g for Sr and Cd respectively. In urine and feces, the levels of heavy metals were not significantly different in the Control group and the Alginate group. Calcium alginate can be recommended for prevention and treatment of heavy metals poisoning.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):20-24
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SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ADAPTATION OF POLICE OFFICERS OF SPECIAL POLICE SERVICES
Soloviev A.G., Ichitovkina E.G., Zlokazova M.V.
Abstract
For the purpose of a dynamic analysis of social and psychological adaptation, there have been examined 654 combatants of the Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for the Kirov region. There have been detected features of development of phases of the emotional burnout syndrome and formation of “personality combatant accentuation”. It has been shown that social adaptation of the police officers who underwent medical-psychological rehabilitation and took therapy in connection with borderline mental disorders in anamnesis was positive and was manifested in successful continuation of service, low number of disciplinary infractions, rare alcohol use, stable family interrelations and in whole improvement of the combatants’ adaptation in peaceful conditions of life.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):25-29
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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEALTH DISORDERS OF ORPHANS AND CHILDREN WITHOUT PARENTAL CARE
Davydova N.O., Kiyaeva E.V., Cheremuschnikova I.I., Fomina M.V.
Abstract
The paper is based on results of a comprehensive examination of 386 children in institutions for orphans and children without parental care including an analysis of registration forms 030/1 12 - 1/u - 2000. The children’s morbidity and disability rates have been studied. Correlations between classes of diseases have been identified. Cluster and discriminative analyses allowed to divide the children into 5 groups according to the morbidity rates and health parameters. A mathematical model has been designed which allowed to refer the children to one of 5 selected groups according to the children’s diseases and a number of other characteristics. The obtained results have substantiated medical treatment and preventive work with children in orphanages.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):30-37
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SOCIAL-HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF POPULATION HEALTH OF PRIMORSKY KRAI POPULATION
Kiku P.F., Yarigina M.V., Geltser B.I., Gorborukovd T.V.
Abstract
A sociological survey (questioning) of residents of the Primorsky Krai with different demographic, environmental and social characteristics: of urban and rural areas, coastal and continental bioclimatic zones has been held. On the whole, 2113 people have been interviewed. The questionnaire contained 31 questions for determination of the degree of the population awareness about impact of different environmental factors on health. For processing of the sociological information (the questionnaires), there was used the method of mathematical рleiades by P.V. Terentiev. On the basis of the method, there has been developed a program of processing of sociological information for computers. The studied system was divided into three subsystems according to the model points. An analysis of the questioning results with use of the method of mathematical рleiades has allowed to detect a connection between social-hygienic factors and the population health
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):38-43
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MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE
Sidorov P.I.
Abstract
In the article, there have been considered after-effects of the crisis of Descriptive Psychiatry and there have been grounded economically effective strategies of mental health services development. There have been selected principles of organization and functions; a synergetic medical-psychosocio-spiritual methodology of functional diagnosis and quality improvement of multidimensional adaptation; individual preventive-correctional and medical-rehabilitation programs and routes, interdisciplinary protocols and early interventions; approaches to improvement of quality, levels and styles of life by means of system integration of its healthy image and moral sense; features of organization of multidisciplinary brigades in mental pediatrics.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):44-56
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SACRED ECOLOGY AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF PEOPLES OF THE NORTH (PROBLEM STATEMENT)
Terebikhin N.M.
Abstract
The article has presented an analysis of foreign and national philosophical-scientific and religious-mythological origins of formation of a subject-problem field of sacred ecology as one of the directions of modern ecological discourse. The author has developed his theoretical model of sacred ecology unfolding the system of interrelations between religion (cult), ethnicity (ethnic mentality), nature carcass and society’s culture. Sacred ecology as the most general knowledge about Home (micro- and macrocosm) is a special synthetic form of traditional knowledge and ceremonial practices. The conceptual results of the author’s long-term research in the field of sacred geography and ecology of the European Russian North indigenous peoples (Nenets and Saami) have been represented.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(8):57-64
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