No 12 (2013)

Articles
HUMAN HEALTH AND COSMOGEOPHYSICAL NORTH FACTORS
Hasnulin V.I.
Abstract
A combination of biologically negative disturbances of cosmogeophysical factors with typical high-latitude meteorological, climatic and photoperiodic changes, pollution and inefficient social conditions is a basis for formation and preservation of human health in the North. Priority of the high-latitude geophysical factor's influence on the population stress level has been considered in comparison with environmental and social ecological conditions; a diagram of the sequence development stage of stress caused by ecology under influence of the cosmogeophysical disturbances has been presented; one of the important mechanisms synchronizing internal life-supporting, biorhythmological, physiological, metabolic and other processes with external cosmogeophysical rhythms has been described.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):3-13
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ATMOSPHERIC AIR STATE AND MORBIDITY AMONG POPULATION IN REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA)
Semenova N.P.
Abstract
The article has shown the results of the study of health rates of the population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It has demonstrated influence of natural, climatic and industrial factors on the health rates. The author’s studies have revealed a correlation between human health and environmental factors’ impact. The materials of the studies during the period from 1995 to 2010, have demonstrated increased morbidity rates. It concerned all the population of the Republic and all the basic diseases. The highest position in the morbidity rate structure belonged to the diseases of the respiration organs, the blood circulation system and the digestive apparatus. It has proved the unfavorable ecological situation in the Republic.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):14-19
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SPECIES COMPOSITION OF PARASITES AND DEGREE OF THEIR PREVALENCE IN NENETS AUTONOMOUS AREA
Bobyreva N.S., Shchipina L.S., Degteva G.N.
Abstract
Importance of parasitic diseases for public health appears from their diverse and profound effects on human bodies. Being a common human disease and frequent pathology, parasitoses burden course of many somatic and infectious diseases and cause reduction of labor activity and long-term disability. In the article, there have been presented the most common parasitoses in the Nenets Autonomous Area among Nenets patients and persons of other ethnic origin living in the Area, the City of Naryan-Mar and settlement Iskateli.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):20-25
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DYNAMICS OF RHEOENCEPHALOGRAPHIC PARAMETERS DURING HEART RATE BIOFEEDBACK IN ADOLESCENTS - INHABITANTS OF ARCTIC AREA
Kamenchenko E.A., Poskotinova L.V.
Abstract
Определены варианты изменений показателей реоэнцефалограммы (РЭГ) у проживающих в Заполярье подростков 15-17 лет при однократном сеансе биоуправления параметрами ритма сердца для усиления вагусных влияний на ритм сердца. Усиление кровенаполнения и снижение тонуса крупных сосудов фронтальных отделов головного мозга происходит у лиц с исходно низкими уровнями амплитудно-частотного показателя в данных отделах мозга. Снижение кровенаполнения отделов головного мозга и повышение тонуса крупных сосудов преимущественно слева происходит у лиц с исходно высоким амплитудно-частотным показателем преимущественно слева. Наиболее продолжительный эффект биоуправления параметрами ритма сердца выявлен на фоне минимальных изменений тонуса сосудов во фронтальных отделах головы, повышения тонуса крупных и снижения тонуса мелких сосудов в вертебробазилярном бассейне. Варианты изменений РЭГ могут быть учтены для прогноза направленности сосудистых изменений при разработке программы коррекции методом биоуправления параметрами ритма сердца у подростков с вегетососудистыми нарушениями
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):26-32
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STUDY OF HUMAN HEALTH UNDER BIG INDUSTRIAL PLANT EXPOSURE USING HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY METHODS
Zaitseva N.V., Shlyapnikov D.M., Shur P.Z., Alekseev V.B., Unguryanu T.N., Buzinov R.V.
Abstract
Hygienic studies conducted to establish and evaluate harmful effects of environmental factors in the affected area of the Solombalsky Pulp and Paper Mill (the Northern District of Arkhangelsk) on health of the Arkhangelsk population have detected specific chemicals that could cause changes in human health. In assessment of the risk of harmful effects due to chronic exposure to chemicals, there have been considered two types of effects: carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic. The main component in determination of carcinogenic risk for the population is chromium (VI). The largest contribution to the index of risk of respiratory diseases in acute exposure was introduced by sodium sulfate (to 47 %), of systemic disorders — power plants’ oil ash (up to 35 %). The resulting indices of risk of chronic inhalation exposure did not exceed the allowable values. According to the results of the epidemiological analysis of the morbidity level among the pediatric population of the Northern District of Arkhangelsk, the risk of diseases of the nervous system was 3.74 times higher, of digestive diseases - 1.31 times higher and the endocrine system - 2.35 times higher than in the group of the children living in relatively safe areas (the urban district Varavino - Factoria).
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):33-39
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ENDOCRINE DISORDERS AND CHANGES IN BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN SEVEROMUISK TUNNEL WORKERS UNDER PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO RADON
Katamanova E.V., Kodinec I.N., Abramatec E.A., Pavlenko N.A., Lakhman O.L., Sokolik B.N.
Abstract
The study included 21 people - employees of the Severomuisk Tunnel. Changes in bone density in the form of the osteopenic syndrome have been detected with use of lumbar spine X-ray osteodensitometry in (44.2 ± 4.8) % of patients. In the analysis of the thyroid endocrine profile indicators, there has been noted an increase in the thyroid-stimulating hormone level in (11.1 ± 2.3) % of cases, an increase in the free triiodothyronine level in (7.4 ± 1.7) % of cases, and its decrease in (3.7 ± 1.2) % of cases, a decrease in the free thyroxine level in (11.1 ± 2.3) %, an increase in the level of antibodies to thyroid peroxidase in (11.1 ± 2.3) % of cases. The received results indicated presence of the osteopenic syndrome in every second trained worker of the Severomuisk Tunnel. The syndrome appearance was caused both by the thyroid gland’s disordered functioning and a complex of unfavorable production factors, such as radon, hard work, an intensive labor process and unfavorable climate
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):40-43
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METABOLIC SYNDROME RISK FACTORS AMONG OIL PRODUCTION ENTERPRISE EMPLOYEES
Baidina A.S., Nosov A.E., Alekseev V.B.
Abstract
In order to detect the metabolic syndrome risk factors in employees of an oil production enterprise causing development of the coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, Diabetes type 2 and increased risk of developing cardiovascular complications, there has been undertaken a comparative cross-sectional screening study. All the workers (n = 200) were examined by a cardiologist, body mass index, blood pressure, blood lipids and blood aromatics were assessed. There has been established significant incidence of arterial hypertension (31.4 %), dyslipidemia (61.0 %) and overweight (68.0 %) in the employees working in conditions of exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons. There have been defined relationships of aromatic hydrocarbons with dyslipidemia (р < 0.05). The results of the cardiovascular risk assessment have shown, that it was necessary to consider impact of aromatic hydrocarbons on development of the metabolic syndrome in the workers as a predictor of cardiovascular pathology.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):44-47
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CARDIOHEMODYNAMICS CAUSED BY CHANGES IN VENOUS RETURN TO HEART OF NORTHERNERS
Dernovoy B.F., Irzhak L.I.
Abstract
In basketball players (n = 7, the average age 22 years), linear velocity of blood flow through the aortic valve (Vlin), the heart beats (HB), stroke volumes (SV) and cardiac output (CO) increased in June as compared to February. Under the orthoclinotest, Vlin, SV and CO increased, HB decreased. Clinoorthotests caused a decrease in Vlin and SV.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):48-51
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STANDARDIZED METHODS FOR PREDICTING VIOLENCE OF PATIENTS UNDER COMPULSORY TREATMENT
Grigoryev I.S., Denisov M.F., Snedkov E.V.
Abstract
In the article, use of standardized scales for predicting violence in forensic settings and their role in improving efficiency of compulsory treatment have been discussed.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):52-55
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NIKOLAI MIKHAILOVITCH AMOSOV - EMINENT GRADUATE OF ARKHANGELSK STATE MEDICAL INSTITUTE ON THE OCCASION OF THE CENTENARY OF THE BIRTH
Glyantsev S.P., Andreeva A.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the life and work of N.M. Amosov (1913-2002), a graduate of the Arkhangelsk State Medical Institute (now the Northern State Medical University) of 1939, a surgeon, a scientist, a teacher, a journalist and a writer, who became one of the largest cardiosurgeons of the Soviet Union and the leader of this trend in cardiology and surgery in Ukraine in the 2 nd half of the XX century. In the article, little-known facts of N.M. Amosov’s work and study in Arkhangelsk in 1932-1940 as well as his contribution to development of cardiac and vascular surgery in the USSR and in Ukraine have been emphasized.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(12):56-60
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