No 11 (2015)

Articles
FEATURES OF TECHNOGENIC POLLUTION IMPACT ON PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ADOLESCENTS IN EUROPEAN NORTH AND MID-LATITUDES
Kuznetsova D.A., Sizova E.N., Tsirkin V.I.
Abstract
For study of the character of technogenic pollution impact on physical development of adolescents, there were estimated body length and weight, the weight and growth index, Quetelet and Rohrer indices and blood pressure in 14-year old girls and boys from birth living in the mid-latitudes (Cities of Yaransk, Kirov) or in the European North conditions (s. Sedyu, City of Ukhta) at different levels of technogenic pollution: suspended matter, SO2, CO, NO2, formaldehyde and benzo(a)perrin in free air. Comparison of the adolescents in Sedyu and Yaransk living under the low-level technogenic pollution has shown no impact of the European North conditions on the physical development indices. Comparison of the adolescents in Yaransk and Kirov as well as in Sedyu and Ukhta has shown that the high level of technogenic pollution in the mid-latitude conditions delayed physical development, and in the European North conditions, it did not have similar effect, that was explained by the phenomenon of cross-adaptation.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):3-12
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RESPONSE OF HEMODYNAMICS INDICES TO HAND AND FOOT LOCAL COOLING IN YOUNG PEOPLE
Gudkov A.B., Korobitsyna E.V., Melkova L.A., Gribanov A.V.
Abstract
The article has introduced the examination results of apparently healthy men (n=27), who were born and permanently lived in the European North of Russia. The work objective was to discover peculiarities of the cardiovascular system response to local hand and foot skin cooling of the men. The preload rates of the cardiac muscle contractility, the afterload rates of functioning of the left ventricle and the rates characterizing hemodynamic status have been determined with the help of the hardware and software complex «Integrated Monitoring System SYMONA 111». The initial indexes and the indexes just after cold stress (dipping a hand into a vessel with cold water at temperatures of 24, 15, 8 °С) were registered. The same method and the same temperatures were used to cool feet. It has been shown that local hand and foot skin cooling caused a significant rise in the preload rates, the cardiac muscle contractility, the afterload functioning of the left ventricle, arterial pressure, and decreased the heart rate. During the hemodynamics indices analysis, the highest responsiveness of the cardiovascular system was registered after the local hand skin cooling in water at 15 0С, the lowest - in water at 24 0С. More pronounced changes occurred during the foot cooling.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):13-18
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BIOCHEMICAL SPECTRUM OF BLOOD SERUM AS INDICATOR OF YAKUTIA RESIDENTS ADAPTEDNESS TO NORTHERN CONDITIONS
Krivoshapkina Z.N., Mironova G.E., Semyonova E.I., Olesova L.D.
Abstract
The analysis of lipid metabolism in the population of Yakutia has revealed high percentage of disturbed lipid metabolism both among the indigenous and alien population of Yakutia. The high frequency of dyslipidemia and hypercholesterolemia at the young age in the alien residents of Yakutia is one of the indicators of lower body adaptive reactions. For detection of maladaptation and timely preventive actions, it is necessary to identify informative biochemical methods that characterize body functional states. The sample of 1 422 residents of Yakutia aged 18 to 72 y. o. has been examined. The number of indigenous residents of Yakutia was 758 persons (the mean age 45.02 ± 3.54 years), the alien population - 664 (the mean age 43.67 ± 2.61 years); the women - 878, the men - 544. Dyslipidemia was associated with activity of the enzymes characterizing the body energy needs depending on the degree of adaptedness to climatic and geographical conditions of Yakutia. There have been obtained significant differences of the enzymes activity indicative of different intensity of adaptive metabolic processes in high latitudes depending on ethnicity. During prophylactic medical examinations of the population for identification of disease onset risk groups and development of preventive measures to restore the body reserves, attention should be paid to the serum enzymes activity. De Ritis ratio can serve as one of the criteria of assessment of the body adaptive reactions to uncongenial climatic-geographic factors.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):19-24
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ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION SYNDROME AND RESULTS OF OPEN AND ENDOVASCULAR REPAIR OF INFRARENAL ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM
Karpenko A.A., Dyussupov A.A., Shilova A.N., Dyussupov A.Z., Dyussupov A.A., Dyussupova A.A., Sabitov E.T., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
In the period from March 2013 to May 2014, in order to study the syndrome of ischemia-reperfusion and immediate treatment results, a prospective non-randomized clinical study of 43 patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was realized. The patients, depending on the method of treatment, divided into 2 groups: 26 patients with open repair (OR) and 17 patients with endovascular repair (EVAR). The main criteria for inclusion into the study were AAA of II and III type by A. V. Pokrovsky and elective repair of the AAA. As markers of ischemia-reperfusion C-reactive protein, proinflammatory cytokine IL-6, anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 and oxidative status were investigated. The level of ischemic inflammation and reperfusion markers in patients with OR was generally higher than in patients with EVAR, and the level of IL-6 excess was statistically significant (p = 0.001). The longer the time compression of the abdominal aorta in the OR the higher the level of markers of ischemia-reperfusion. In patients with a time compression of the abdominal aorta more than 30 minutes there was a significant excess of IL-6 before removing the clamp from the abdominal aorta (p = 0.035) and after the start of the magistral blood flow to both lower extremities (p = 0.050), as well as significant excess of indicator of oxidative status of the blood Oxystat before removing the clamp from the abdominal aorta, after the launch of the main blood flow to the feet and 30 minutes after the end of surgery (p = 0.001). The number of local and systemic complications at the early postoperative period was significantly higher in patients undergoing OR (p = 0.002), which for this indicator shows the benefits of EVAR.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):25-32
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SYNERGETIC BIOPSYCHOSOCIOSPIRITUAL CONCEPTION OF MENTAL EPIDEMIC OF SOMATOFORM DISORDERS
Sidorov P.I., Sovershaeva E.P.
Abstract
Somatoform disorders (SFD) are notable for their growing prevalence and high latency, a variety of etiopathogenetic factors of developmental trajectories and clinical-dynamic polymodality of pathoplastics and pathokinesis. All this requires development of new approaches to conceptual-methodological support of system struggle against the somatoform mental epidemic. There has been proposed an SFD synergetic biopsychosociospiritual conception, including three prenosological fractals: predisposition - a neurosogenic family, latent - neurosogenic diathesis, initial - primary neurosis, and three nosological fractals: a full-scale clinical picture, chronization and an outcome. There have been specified new resources of the system approach to preventive-correctional and medical-rehabilitation work of mental medicine. Its mission consists in adaptive engineering and management of consciousness and health. Its enables to plan and reconstruct mental immunity as the matrix of identity and security base.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):33-40
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INDICATORS OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF STUDENTS OF VARIOUS SOCIAL GROUPS
Notova S.V., Alidzhanova I.E., Kiyaeva E.V., Akimov S.S.
Abstract
The results of research of some psychological and psychophysiological indicators of students of various social groups (orphan students and students from usual families) in the course of adaptation to university training have been presented. Assessment of psychophysiological parameters was carried out with application of the standardized, approved techniques (A. Bass and A. Darki's technique adapted by A. K. Osnitsky: attention assessment, a test for noise stability). The conducted research has revealed reliable differences in psychophysiological characteristics of the students from various social groups. "Verbal aggression", "sense of guilt" and "the aggression index" were significantly lower (by 10.0; 25.0 and 4.5 % respectively) in the orphan students in comparison with the girls from the usual families. Psychophysiological tests "Attention assessment" and "Noise stability" have revealed a low degree of noise stability in the examined girls of both groups. "Physical" and "indirect aggression" were significantly higher in the orphan students. The test "Noise stability" has identified lower indicators of response time in the orphan students (by 7 %) and the system lower functional level (by 8 %). The correlation analysis has shown the nature of the interrelation of noise stability and the students' individual and psychological features. The received results demonstrate the necessity of the students' adaptation processes monitoring for timely arrangement of medical-preventive actions.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):41-47
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INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIETY’S LIFE QUALITY: PROBLEMS OF CHOICE AND ADEQUACY
Leshchenko Y.A.
Abstract
Some indices widely used in the world practice for assessing the level of development and society's life quality have been considered in this paper. The indices like the gross home product, the index of human potential development have been assessed from the critical position. A number of indices and criteria, which, in the author's opinion, may be used as comparatively objective indicators of state of the most important elements of the socio-ecologo-economic systems have been characterized. Some aspects of life quality in the Russian society in the post-soviet period have been covered from the position of balanced development: very low salary level, growing socio-economic inequality, loss of strategic positions in the defensive-technical sphere, loss of competitive positions in the spheres of scientific and technical development.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):48-55
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ECOLOGICAL DIMENSION OF CULTURE OF INDIGENOUS MINOROTIES IN RUSSIAN ARCTIC AREA
Sokolova F.K., Troshina T.I.
Abstract
In the article, there have been analyzed the basic principles of contemporary science in study of the problem of culture code stability of the northern indigenous minorities which development was strongly influenced by the factors like nature and climate, namely by extreme conditions of human life and activity. This problem is important today as preservation of culture of the northern indigenous small ethnic communities and in fact their preservation as social, and cultural phenomena of the human civilization is of an ethic, scientific and practical interest. The authors proceeded from the assumption that the spiritual and material life of these minorities was based on the principles of "the ecological imperative" (the term is offered by the Academician N. N. Moiseev for designation of ethic content of human-nature interactions at the stage when the ecological crisis threatens the mankind). The authors have proposed to understand the reasons for sustainability of all the spheres of the minorities life under growing pressure of the external civilization by using an analysis of different culture phenomena, which are similar among the ethnic groups living independently on the vast territories and have no opportunity to communicate. That kind of culture "texts" reveals the process of human adaptation not only to the survival but also to the full value life under the conditions that are severe for representatives of other cultures.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(11):56-64
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