No 5 (2014)

Articles
ALTERATIONS OF DYNAMICS OF HUMAN ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM SPECTRAL PARAMETERS DURING DAILY GEOMAGNETIC FIELD VARIATIONS
Poskotinova L.V., Demin D.B., Krivonogova E.V.
Abstract
The technique of identifying the nature of daily changes in spectral power relations of the basic rhythm brain activity and geomagnetic field variations has been proposed. There has been carried out an analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha activity spectral power recording at every minute in the morning, afternoon and evening during 5 days (12 recordings, 30 minutes each) in three healthy volunteers compared to every-minute variations of the total geomagnetic field vector (TGMFV). It has been established that in cases of increased TGMFV evening values, general alpha EEG-activity could increase, indicating an increase in internal synchronization of the brain pacemaker structures, and it could be reduced reflecting desynchronizing effects of the reticular formation on the cerebral cortex. There have been detected three variations of individual sensitivity of the brain parts to increased TGMFV indices - increased spectral power of EEG alpha-activity predominantly in the right temporal brain part, reduced spectral power of this EEG type predominantly in the left frontal-temporal brain part and a reaction of the total spectral power reduction of EEG alpha-activity.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):3-8
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GENERAL CHARACTERISTIC OF HUMAN BODY FUNCTIONAL SYSTEMS IN CONDITIONS OF KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS OKRUG - UGRA
Bashkatova Y.V., Karpin V.A.
Abstract
Climatic conditions of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug have been characterized. Literature data about state of the functional systems of organisms in conditions of the North and influence of environmental climatic-ecological factors on human health have been analyzed. It has been established that health of persons who moved to the north differed from the norm very often. Northerners’ organisms function under influence of quite severe ecological factors affecting health state due to the fact that part of their reserves is used in processes of adaptation and directed at formation of adaptive reactions of homeostasis. Human body development in northern conditions specifies formation and development of any functional systems of organisms including the neuromuscular and cardiovascular systems.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):9-16
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RELIGIOUS RESOURCE OF MENTAL MEDICINE
Sidorov P.I.
Abstract
In the article, there have been systematized the persisting stress zones between religion and Psychiatry and possibilities of their copability in the framework of the synergetic bio-psycho-socio-spiritual methodology of mental medicine; there have been considered the historical and modern forms of participation of the main religions in mental health promotion and treatment of mental illnesses; complementarity and synthesis of sanogenetic, psychotherapeutic and religious approaches in spiritually integrated medical-rehabilitation and preventive-correctional programs; peculiarities and scales of a new mental phenomenon of «belief without religion»; there has been shown effectiveness of mentally and spiritually integrated therapy; there have been separated directions of realization of the religious resource in mental preventology and Clinical Psychiatry; there have been proved perspective directions of further studies in the field of Psychiatry, mental medicine and religion.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):17-27
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DEVELOPMENT OF VOLUNTARY MENTAL PROCESSES IN PRIMARY SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN IN CONDITIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL EDUCATION
Malgina N.A., Bocharova E.A.
Abstract
The features of primary school-aged children’s development in different education conditions have been studied. The study was carried out in three groups of primary school pupils: 1) education with the main educational program without additional subprograms; 2) with inclusion of complex physical activity; 3) with inclusion of an ethno-cultural subprogram. Psychological examinations were carried out during the first and second years of the study. A diagnostic complex included studies of training motivation, speed of information processing, attention concentration, independence of the children in learning activities, identification of their psychological and emotional relationship to the school. In the dynamics of learning in all the groups, educational motivation remained at an average level, voluntary attention within the groups increased significantly by the middle of the second year (p1 < 0.001; p2 < 0.001; p3 = 0.003 respectively). The speed of information processing in the group of the children with intense motor loading (p = 0.014) exceeded significantly the speed in the group with the ethno-cultural subprogram. Differential organization of the educational process has shown no differences and promoted formation of the schoolchildren’s skills of performing learning activities. However, some children showed lower emotional relationship to the school.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):28-34
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FUNCTIONAL INTERACTION OF CORTICAL AREAS IN THETA-BAND OF STUDENTS DURING READING RUSSIAN AND ENGLISH GRAMMATICAL CONSTRUCTIONS
Sokolova L.V., Cherkasova A.S.
Abstract
The brain bioelectrical activity changes in students of non-linguistic specialties during silent reading of Russian and English collocations - syntagmatic and paradigmatic constructions - has been studied. A coherent analysis of electroencephalographic components (EEG) has identified specific topographical characteristics of theta-band functional connections: increased synchronous activity of the frontal associative and occipital, temporal and parieto-temporo-occipital areas of both hemispheres. Active participation of the frontal areas in the process of decoding of verbal information of different collocation types has been detected. It has been shown that Russian paradigmatic constructions were more difficult for processing compared to syntagmatic ones. Reading in English is complicated in general for the students of the non-linguistic departments independent from types of grammatical constructions.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):35-40
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INCIDENCE OF AND MORTALITY FROM CERVICAL CANCER IN THE TERRITORY ADJACENT TO THE FORMER SEMIPALATINSK NUCLEAR TEST SITE IN 2008-2012
Shalgumbayeva G.M., Rakhypbekov T.K., Sagidullina G.G., Sandybaev M.N., Kyrykbaeva S.S., Musakhanova A.K., Semenova Y.M., Adiyeva M.K., Zhumyrbaeva N.A., Sadybekova Z.T., Slyamhanova N.B., Baibussinova A.Z., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
Cancer cervix is the second most common cancer among women. Association between radiation and cancerogenesis is well-established. Semey (former Semipalatinsk) is a town adjacent to the Soviet Nuclear Test Site in Kazakstan. However, little is known about epidemiology of cancer in this region. The aim of our study was to study the incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer in Semey, Kazakhsan in 2008-2012. Data on all cases of cervical cancer that occurred in Semey region during the study period were obtained from the Semey Regional Cancer Registry. The population size was obtained from the Regional Bureau of Statistics. The Standard World Population was used for calculation of the age standardized mortality and incidence rates. Altogether, 365 primary cases of cervical cancer were registered during the study period. Incidence increased from 10.0 per 100 000 in 2008 to 13.2 per 100 000 in 2012. Mortality increased from 4.7 per 100 000 in 2008 to 7.2 per 100 000 in 2012. Both incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer in Semey, East Kazakhstan increased. Both indicators exceed the average for Eastern Kazakhstan region and the national level. This might be partly explained by either delayed effects of nuclear tests performed at Semipalatinsk test site or by other factors, however, the importance of other factors, such as HPV, smoking etc cannot be ruled out.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):41-47
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INFLUENCE OF TECHNOGENIC POLLUTION ON SPECIES COMPOSITION AND PECULIARITIES OF BIOFILM FORMATION OF STAPHYLOCOCCI ISOLATED FROM BACTERIA CARRIERS
Pospelova S.V., Gorovits E.S., Lemkina L.M.
Abstract
The objective of the work was to study the species composition and film forming ability of staphylococci colonizing the nasal and throat cavities in children living in ecologically clean (settlement Sylva) and industrial (town Chusovoi, near a large metallurgical plant ) regions of the Perm Territory. It was shown that in the children from the ecologically unharmed region (n = 31, the nasal and throat cavities were colonized by staphylococci various in their species composition. Golden staphylococci were detected rarely as compared to the study group. In contrast, in the study group (the children living in the region polluted by the metallurgical plant emissions, n = 23), predominantly two Staphylococci species - S. epidermidis and S. aureus were detected in the mentioned biotopes. All strains of staphylococci of different species isolated from the children in the study group were characterized by more pronounced abilities to form biofilms which reached the highest values among the representatives of KOS.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):48-52
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ECOLOGY AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
Bazdyrev E.D., Barbarash O.L.
Abstract
Currently around the world, environmental pollution remains a significant problem causing increased mortality rates and a factor of reduced life expectancy. Admittedly, influence of the environment that is pollution of atmosphere with air pollutants, results in preferential development of the respiratory system diseases. However, effects of different pollutants on human bodies are not limited only to bronchopulmonary changes. Recently, a number of studies were conducted and proved a relation between levels and types of atmospheric air pollution and diseases of the digestive and endocrine systems. Earnest data about harmful effects of air pollutants on the cardiovascular system was obtained in the recent decade. In the review, there has been analyzed information both about the relation between different cardiovascular diseases and the aeropollutants’ effects and their possible pathogenetic interrelations.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):53-59
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ONE-WAY ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE (ANOVA) IN STATA SOFTWARE
Unguryanu T.N., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
In the article, we have presented theoretical principles of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for comparisons of three or more independent groups. Examples of the use of ANOVA with manual calculations using formulas have been given as well as algorithms of the use of ANOVA in STATA software. Special consideration has been given to the assumptions which have to be tested as well as the ways to present the results in research papers.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2014;(5):60-64
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