Vol 19, No 9 (2012)

Articles

MEDICAL-PHYSIOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF ANTHROPOECOLOGY OF INDUSTRIAL PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES

Norenko V.V.

Abstract

In the traditional approach to the problems of Human Ecology or Anthropoecology, there are studied various impacts of human activity on the natural environment. The rapidly changing conditions of labor and household activities require increased attention to human interactions with the natural-production environment. Changes in the continuum of working people - the natural-production environment -result in strain of the body functional systems, adaptation diseases, growth of temporary and permanent disability and lower quality of the production process. In connection with this, the study of medico-physiological and social aspects of Anthropoecology becomes a priority scientific-methodological problem of industrial health.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):3-7
pages 3-7 views

APPROBATION OF STANDARDS OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES AND UNITED HYGIENIC RATE SETTING IN COMBINED, COMPLEX, ASSOCIATED INFLUENCE ON BODY

Trushkov V.F., Perminov K.A., Sapozhnikova V.V., Ignatova O.L., Shevnin V.N.

Abstract

The data of determination of toxicity, regulation of chemical substances have been given in the article. Health state of production workers during simultaneous influence of chemical and physical factors has been evaluated. The polynomial models for evaluation of biological activity of harmful substances was used. Clinical and hygienic approbation of the standards of chemical substances in production conditions has been carried out. An equation of united hygienic rate setting in combined, complex, associated influence on body has been presented.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):8-14
pages 8-14 views

PRINCIPIAL DIRECTIONS OF LOWERING OF ANTROPOGENIC LOADING ON NATURAL ENVIRONMENT OF NORTHERN OIL-GAS EXTRACTIVE REGION

Korchina T.Y., Korchin V.I., Kushnikova G.I., Sorokun I.V.

Abstract

In the article, there have been considered the principal directions of lowering of anthropogenic loading on natural environment of the Northern oil-gas-extractive region: ecological methods of oil decomposition, microbiological transformation of metals and formation of an ecological infrastructure of northern towns.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):15-22
pages 15-22 views

INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC AND GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITIONS ON ANTHROPOMETRIC AND FUNCTIONAL INDICES OF STUDENTS

Torshin V.I., Jakunina E.B., Severin A.E., Zheludova E.M., Batotsyrenova T.E.

Abstract

The study of the anthropometric characteristics and functional state of lungs of the students from Peoples' Friendship University of Russia of the South-East Asia and the middle zone of Russia and the functional state of their lungs showed the presence of significant correlation between the anthropometric indicators and forced vital capacity of lungs. It was found that among students with reduced functional reserve, this correlation was weak, and among healthy - strong.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):23-25
pages 23-25 views

SEASONAL CHANGES OF INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN CARDIORESPIRATORY SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUTHS IN CONDITIONS OF CIRCUMPOLAR REGION

Pushkina V.N., Gribanov A.V.

Abstract

The results of the cardiorespiratory system characteristics research and their changes during seasonal acclimatization have been represented in the article. It has been shown that seasonal fluctuations in the circumpolar region induce intrastructural changes. The optimal organization of the cardiorespiratory system, which is characterized by the leading role of the central hemodynamics, is typical for the autumn season. During the winter/spring season, which is the period of tension of the body adaptive mechanism, the increasing role of the vegetative nervous system in the control of the cardiac rhythm and the functional systems on the whole was observed. Besides, the winter season is characterized by the increasing impact of the respiratory block, while the influence of the hemodynamic block increased during the spring season. The summer season was mostly featured by the negative changes in the cerebral blood flow.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):26-31
pages 26-31 views

SEASONAL CHANGES OF MYOCARDIUM ELECTROBIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY IN NATIVES AGED 18-22 IN EUROPEAN NORTH

Gudkov A.B., Popova O.N., Efimova N.V.

Abstract

In the dynamics of the annual cycle (January, April, June, October) for 35 men and 35 women aged 18-22, born and permanently residing in the European North (64° N), there were determined the electrocardiograms’ amplitude-time characteristics. It has been established that in the annual cycle, the myocardium highest electrobiological activity was observed in the mid-seasons (autumn, spring). Seasonal changes of the cardiac muscle electric activity touched on the left heart greater than the right heart.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):32-37
pages 32-37 views

STROKE MORTALITY AND ALCOHOLIZATION AMONG THE POPULATION IN THE EUROPEAN NORTH OF RUSSIA

Shelygin K.V.

Abstract

We studied the dynamics of stroke mortality in Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Murmansk regions, its association with alcoholization. Using ARIMA method for the period 1975-2007 positive associations between alcohol poisoning mortality and mortality from stroke have been found. Perhaps the death rate from stroke has different alcohol attributiveness in male and female population.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):38-41
pages 38-41 views

MODEL OF FORECASTING OF DURATION OF POSTOPERATIVE TREATMENT AT PERFORMANCE OF HI-TECH OPERATIONS ON HEART ON ELIMINATION OF ARRHYTHMIAS

Basova L.A., Karyakina O.E., Kurbanov M.A., Martynova N.A., Krasilnikov S.V.

Abstract

Results of creation of mathematical model for postoperative treatment duration forecasting at performance of hi-tech operations on heart on elimination of arrhythmias are presented in the article. The developed model is a basis for creation of the automated program module for risk degree assessment of the patient who has arrived for operative treatment.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):42-45
pages 42-45 views

ETIOLOGIC ASPECTS OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN PERSONS UNDER 45

Belyakova I.V., Mukhina P.N., Supryadkina T.V., Vorobyeva N.A., Sovershaev A.L.

Abstract

Relevance. Of particular concern and anxiety among clinicians is incipience of the current unfavorable trend "rejuvenation" of the coronary heart disease (CHD). It is known that in patients under 40, incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is about 7 % of all cases reported under the age of 65 years. Younger patients are the most active members of the society. In this regard, the study of etiologic aspects, and the search for new pathogenetic mechanisms of acute myocardial infarction is an important task, which defined the purpose of our cohort study. Objective. The aim of our study was to study acute myocardial infarction etiological aspects in patients under 45. Materials and methods. In the period from 1999 till 2008, 221 patients were treated in the Emergency Care Unit with diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction under 45, what represented 8.3 % of all treated patients with AMI. 132 patients with acute myocardial infarction, residents of Arkhangelsk, were examined. We carried out a retrospective analysis of medical records to assess epidemiological components. Results. The analysis has revealed AMI in the patients under 45 years in 8.3 % of cases. Among risk factors of coronary artery disease, we observed: lipid metabolism impairments in 100 % of cases, smoking occurred in 75 % of cases. Hypertension as a risk factor was observed in 68 % of patients. The fact of physical inactivity was reported in 56 % of patients. 55 % of patients were overweight or suffered from obesity. 42 % of the observed patients had coronary artery disease in their family history. According to CAG, 98.8 % of the patients had significant coronary lesions, while 65% of patients had a multivessel disease. A statistically significant relationship F = 10.339, (ρ = 0.002) between genetic predisposition and AMI in the young patients has been revealed. This fact motivated us to conduct molecular-genetic testing of blood. As a result, we identified violent pathological polymorphisms in the hemostatic system in relation to atherosclerosis. This fact induces for further researches in this direction.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):46-52
pages 46-52 views

KNEE JOINT OSTEOARTHROSIS: PROBLEMS AND SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE

Matveev R.P., Bragina S.V.

Abstract

This review highlights the social and epidemiological features of osteoarthrosis, with an emphasis on gonarthrosis. It shows the problems of this pathology in the pathogenic, diagnostic, therapeutic and social terms. The social significance of osteoarthrosis is determined by growth of associated invalidity and disability, especially in older age groups, as well as by a sharp decrease of quality of life in this disease. Disability in elderly patients with knee arthrosis is comparable to that of patients suffering from the cardiovascular diseases, and higher than in other diseases in this cohort of patients. Gonarthrosis reduced quality of life of up to 80 % of patients, and disability was diagnosed in 10-21 % of the cases. Timely and effective treatment for osteoarthrosis has enormous social and economic significance.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2012;19(9):53-62
pages 53-62 views
pages 63-64 views

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