No 2 (2015)

Articles
HEAT WAVES AS REFLECTION OF VARIABILITY OF CURRENT CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF VITAL ACTIVITY IN TOMSK REGION
Kuzhevskaya I.V., Polyakov D.V., Volkova M.A., Barashkova N.K.
Abstract
An analysis of heat waves in the Tomsk region has been conducted. There has been presented an analysis of the frequency of occurrence of heat waves in summer seasons, including waves, during which the average maximum air daily temperature exceeded the average maximum air temperatures at the stations; there have been established individual characteristics of waves: length and intensity. It has been shown that the longest waves were characteristic of the northern part of the region that corresponded to the probability of occurrence of such phenomena once every 100-300 years. The revealed quantitative indicators and trends of heat waves manifestations indicated a probability of an increased number of health deterioration cases of the regional population in future years.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):3-9
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REGIONAL PECULIARITIES OF TRACE ELEMENTS' CONTENT IN OLD FEMALES IN MAGADAN
Lugovaya E.A., Maksimov A.L., Stepanova E.M.
Abstract
To examine the content of 25 macro- and trace elements in hair samples of females at elderly and old age, the methods of atom emission and mass-spectrometry with inductively bonded argon plasma were used. Elements' content in both examined groups did not show statistically important differences (p > 0.05), except Si, which content was 2.5 times lower in the group of the old women. Ca, Cr, Cu, Mg, Mn, P, Si, Zn content was lower, while Al, As, B, Cd, Pb, Sn content was higher than in the elderly women. Both groups were characterized by a high deficit of many essential elements. It has been found that the median lines of Co and Se concentration were below the lowest limit of reference values in all the examined subjects. Due to the analysis of data on the elements content in the surveyed people's hair, it is possible to assess imbalance of mineral metabolism in females of both age groups constant residents of the Russian Northeast region in order to carry out prenosological diagnostics, primary prophylaxis and correction of the revealed disorders both on the individual and micropopulation levels.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):10-15
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EVALUATION OF HAIR CHEMICAL COMPOSITION IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC SKIN DISEASES ON TERRITORY OF KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS OKRUG - YUGRA
Kravchenko I.V., Pavlova E.V., Sinelnikova Y.M., Rusak Y.E., Rusak S.N., Murashko Y.A., Bashkatova Y.V.
Abstract
A comparative analysis of the trace elements content (Cr, Cu, Ni) in the hair of the surveyed groups of people with skin diseases and healthy persons (the control group) living in Surgut, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area - Yugra, has been conducted. It has been determined, that the content of the trace elements in the hair of the groups of patients with dermatoses and healthy people differed significantly. It has been found that the content of the trace elements in the hair of the examinees with skin diseases compared to the control group was significantly higher. The Chrome concentration was the maximum.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):16-19
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HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN WOMEN DURING VARIOUS SEASONS AND PHASES OF THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE
Voronova N.V., Meigal A.Y., Yelaeva L.E., Kuzmina G.I.
Abstract
Here we report on autonomic status using the statistic and spectral parameters of the heart rate variability (HRV) of 23 young females (19.9±1.4 years) under varied environmental and physical conditions: 4 phases of the menstrual cycle (MC, early and late follicular, ovulation and luteal), spring and autumn seasons. Being taken separately, either factor of the menstrual cycle phase or season imposed only minor effects on the HRV, but most of the variables of the HRV were significantly different from other phases in the ovulation phase in the spring season in the form of the parasympathetic nervous system decreased activity with a reciprocal increase of the hormone-hypothalamic level of the cardiovascular regulation, what was seen as the increased VLF (very low frequencies) and decreased HF (high frequencies) and the decreased portion of successive pairs of intervals (pNN50).
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):20-26
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THE HEALTH SYSTEM RESPONSIVENESS: DEFINITION, STRUCTURE, CONCEPTS, METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO RESEARCH
Shulgina S.V.
Abstract
Correspondence of medical aid delivery to the population needs is an important component of social assessment of the healthcare system activity. The changed conditions of medical aid delivery as a result of the social sphere reform and the continuing dissatisfaction in the society demand a detailed study of relationships between the reform measures and the population expectations. At present, there is not any unity of views on definition of criteria and factors influencing formation of the population opinion about the medical service. The aim of this work was a study of methodological approaches to research of social efficiency in healthcare and an analysis of methods for assessing responsiveness of the system to the population needs. In the article, attention was focused on the criteria that made up the notion of the healthcare system responsiveness to the population needs, as well as on their use in different countries. There have been presented the results of the analysis of methods used in assessment of the healthcare system responsiveness in medical-social and sociological studies of Russian and foreign scientists.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):27-32
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ESTIMATION OF HEALTH RISK FACTORS PERCEPTION BY MEDICAL WORKERS
Dubel E.V., Unguryanu T.N.
Abstract
The cross-sectional epidemiological study has been performed to identify peculiarities of health risk factors perception by different categories of medical workers in the Vologda Hospital. Radioactive (91.4 %), chemical (87.6 %) and microbiological (73.7 %) pollution was perceived by the respondents as bringing the highest risk to health. The average risk factors included genetic and biological factors (61.7 %), emergency situations (58.8 %) and lifestyle factors (45.0 %). Physical and climatic factors and factors of life quality were perceived to be least hazardous. There were detected statistically significant differences in subjective perception of certain risk factors between doctors and nursing staff.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):33-41
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Sinergeticheskaya biopsikhosotsiodukhovnaya kontseptsiya sotsial'noy epidemii bronkhial'noy astmy
Sidorov P.I., Sovershaeva E.P.
Abstract
Bronchial Asthma (BA) is a widespread social epidemic of the contemporary world, resulting in severe complications and enormous economic expenses. There has been proposed a synergetic bio-psycho-socio-spiritual BA conception, including three prenosological fractals predisposition - an asthmogenic family, latent - asthmogenic diathesis, initial - preasthma, and three nosological fractals: a full-scale clinical picture, chronization and an outcome. The multidisciplinary team organization of preventive-correctional and medical-rehabilitation aid has been grounded.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):42-50
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NEUROENERGOMETABOLISM IN PRIMARY SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN WITH AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR
Sidorova E.Y., Antonova I.V., Podoplekin A.N., Pankov M.N., Gribanov A.V.
Abstract
For the first time, there has been conducted a cross-level research of constant potentials of the brain in primary school-aged children for the purpose of studying psychophysiological features of children with aggressive behavior. On the whole, there have been examined 184 children aged 7-11 years from general education classes. The main group (31 persons) consisted of children with a high level of hypertrophic and brutal aggression. The comparison group (153 persons) included children with normal aggression not exceeding the level of protection. The study was conducted using the physiological method of neuroenergy measurement and the psychological methods -the questionnaire "AGKT" and the Eysenck questionnaire. The analysis of the results showed that the children with aggressive behavior had a lower level of the constant potentials in the frontal structures in comparison with other brain structures against a significant increase in cerebral metabolism in general (the difference was statistically significant at the level 0.05 and 0.01) in combination with predominance of the left hemisphere activity. The results gave a comprehensive assessment of behavioral disorders of the children, with possibility to identify problems of adaptation and socialization of children with aggressive behavior at school.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):51-56
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SURGICAL SERVICE OF KARELIAN FRONT HOSPITAL BASE IN 1941-1945
Bykov V.P.
Abstract
To the Karelian front hospital base established in the Arkhangelsk region, there were removed patients that had been primarily operated in hospitals of the military district and needed long-term treatment. Limb bullet and fragment wounds, complicated by osteomyelitis, apostems, phlegmons and fistulas prevailed. Improvement of therapy outcomes was reached due to establishment of specialized surgical wards and training of surgeons in treatment of gunshot injuries, Military Traumatology and surgical infections. The proportion of reconditioned senior officers and soldiers in 1944 was 52.5 %. 16.4 % of the patients were recognized as disabled persons. The main reasons of disabilities were: limb shortening, false joints, amputation stumps, joint contractures. Hospital mortality because of septic complications among the wounded was 0.12 %.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2015;(2):57-60
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