No 1 (2013)

Articles
NORTHERN SCHOOL OF SCIENCES OF ACADEMICIAN N. A. AGADZHANYAN (85-th Anniversary of Scientist)
Gudkov A.B.
Abstract
In the European North of Russia, there has been formed a school of sciences of the RAMS Academician N. А. Agadzhanyan. Under his guidance, his numerous students, followers and like-minded persons continue research in the framework of northern medicine in physiology of rotational labor in the Polar region, in mechanisms of formation of prenozological states in northerners, adaptive reactions of the cardio-respiratory system as well as the peculiarities of northerners’ adaptation to the weather-climatic, anthropogenic and social factors.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):3-7
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DEPENDENCE OF EMOTIONAL STRESS RESISTANCE IN THE NORTH ASSOCIATED WITH IMPRINTED TYPE OF ADAPTIVE RESPONSE
Hasnulin V.I., Hasnulina A.V.
Abstract
It has been shown that an important factor in the formation of high adaptive resistance of newly arrived inhabitants of the North to psycho-emotional stress, which characterizes the level of climatic and geographic stress in the polar regions, is the mechanism of helio-geophysical imprinting of human adaptive response to action of biologically significant weather and geophysical disturbances. The helio-geophysical type of adaptive response provides higher adaptive reserves of the human body and determines its suitability for living and working in the regions with extreme climatic and geophysical conditions.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):8-13
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ATMOSPHERIC SUSPENSIONS OF VLADIVOSTOK CITY: GRANULOMETRIC AND SUBSTANTIAL ANALYSIS
Golokhvast K.S., Nikiforov P.A., Kiku P.F., Chayka V.V., Avtomonov E.G., Chernyshev V.V., Khristoforova N.K., Chekryzhov I.Y., Safronov P.P., Gulkov A.N.
Abstract
The paper presents the results of a granulometric and substantial study of nano- and microparticles in air suspensions collected in the snow in the Vladivostok city in winter 2011-2012. Application of the laser particle analyzer for the study of qualitative and quantitative composition of atmospheric precipitations has been shown. Distribution of the particles differing by size and genesis in the city areas with different anthropogenic loads has been revealed.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):14-19
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ANALYSIS OF INTERNATIONAL LEGISLATION REGULATING PATIENTS’ RIGHTS PROTECTION
Tsyganova O.A., Svetlichnaya T.G., Trofimov V.V.
Abstract
A comparative analysis of the international legal acts for protection of patients’ rights from the period of the system’s formation (mid-20th century) until the present time has been presented in the article. Characteristics of international and the European declarations, charters, guidelines that served the regulatory basis for the development of national legislations for patients’ rights have been given.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):20-24
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SOME ASPECTS OF PERCEPTION OF HIV/AIDS PREVENTION BY OFFICIALS
Kuznetsova A.A., Neuman L.A.
Abstract
Perception of HIV/AIDs prevention work by officials has been studied in a qualitative study. Officials of different levels became the subjects of our study. Data collection was performed using the method of individual semi-structured interviews. Key themes for analyzing were: main difficulties of prevention work in the region, trust to information and safe behavior, elements of effective prevention.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):25-32
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FROM MENTAL ECOLOGY TO MENTAL MEDICINE
Sidorov P.I.
Abstract
Separation of a new science discipline has been grounded - mental medicine the methodological base of which is synergetics - an interdisciplinary science about development and self-organization. Mental medicine has conceptually-methodologically and technologically united the prenosological field of mental health and the nosological field of mental illnesses. It allowed to integrate successively and systematically the medical-rehabilitation strategies of nosocentric clinical psychiatry and preventive-correctional methods of healthcentric mental preventology. Mental medicine is a science studying etiopathogenesis and diagnostics, clinical picture and treatment of mental disorders, biopsychosocial resources of personality and society development, strategies and mechanisms of adaptation and professiogenesis based on the united synergetic methodology. This formulation includes a classical definition of psychiatry and all modalities separated in the WHO characteristics of mental health, which are priorities of mental preventology.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):33-38
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BRAIN SPONTANEOUS AND INDUCED ELECTRIC ACTIVITY AT HIGH LEVEL OF ANXIETY
Gribanov A.V., Kozhevnikova I.S., Jos Y.S., Nekhoroshkova A.N.
Abstract
In the article, the main approaches to understanding of anxiety have been considered. Modern directions of scientific research in the field of anxiety manifestations at the central level have been presented. Changes of electroencephalography results and induced potentials at high level of anxiety have been described.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):39-47
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CHEMICAL POISONINGS IN ARKHANGELSK CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS AND MAIN WAYS OF THEIR PREVENTION
Varakina Z.L., Vyazmin A.M., Sannikov A.L., Golenishcheva T.V., Plaksin V.A.
Abstract
There have been considered the main tendencies of chemical poisonings in children and adolescents of the City of Arkhangelsk according to sex, age, kind of toxic agents. All the sex-age characteristics of the reasons and circumstances of poisonings have been analyzed: the boys were mostly exposed to voluntary poisonings with alcohol and its substitutes, the girls — to accidental poisonings (mainly with medicaments). The main ways of prevention of acute poisonings among children and adolescents in the region have been proposed.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):48-53
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BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF CLARITHROMYCIN IN PATIENTS WITH SEPSIS
Tsarenko S.V., Sovershaeva E.P., Davydova L.A.
Abstract
Nosocomial pneumonia is the most common infection among septic complications with significant impact on patients morbidity and mortality, as well as on the cost of healthcare. Septic complications in patients with severe surgical pathologies are still an urgent problem, and development of modern highly effective methods of prophylaxis is a priority task. Recent studies suggested that clarithromycin may have beneficial effects for patients at risk of certain infections due to their anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects as well as their antimicrobial properties. Addition of clarithromycin to complex therapy of septic complications in intensive care units may have beneficial effects.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):54-58
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CHARACTERISTICS OF DAMAGES IN RESCUEES AND VICTIMS IN RIVER SHIPWRECKS
Zakrevski Y.N., Matveev R.P., Manuilov V.M.
Abstract
The structure of traumatism and damages in 441 victims of river shipwrecks in 1983-2012 has been studied. The main types of damages in 172 rescuees in the river shipwrecks were light supercoolings (65.1 %), isolated, multiple and concomitant mechanical traumas (23.8 %), combined mechanical-cold traumas (7.6 %), combined mechanical-burn damages (3.5 %). Among 269 victims, the reasons of the lethal outcomes were drowning (68.4 %), mechanical damages (17.1 %), combined mechanical-cold traumas (10.4 %), combined mechanical-burn traumas (4.1 %). In the structure of the mechanical damages, combined two-factor mechanical-cold and mechanical-burn traumas among the rescued persons, there dominated light mechanical traumas and light cold traumas (29.3 %), and serious mechanical traumas (23.1 %) dominated among the victims.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(1):59-64
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