No 11 (2018)

Articles
INCIDENCE OF CHILDREN'S INJURY IN THE SOUTH KAZAKHSTAN REGION IN 2012-2016
Tuktibayeva S.A., Buleshov M.A., Abdrakhmanova Z.B., Mustafina K.A., Buleshova A.M., Ivanov S.V., Kalmakhanov S.B., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
Introduction. Injuries represent one of the major challenges of modern public health being the third main killer in the European region according to WHO. In this paper we present the incidence of child injuries in the South Kazakhstan region (SKR) in 2012-2016. Methods. We calculated average gender-specific incidence rates of child injuries (0-17 years) for the abovementioned time period for all administrative-territorial units of the SKR using the absolute data obtained from the official statistics. In addition we calculated trends for each administrative-territorial units using linear regression. Regression coefficients with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using Stata software. Results. Districts with the highest incidence of child injuries (per 1 000) were identified: Ordabasinsky (3 267.6), Baidibeksky (3 192.4), Kazygurtsky (3 069.0), Otyrarsky (2 993.6) and Suzaksky (2 826.2). The most favorable situation in the region was found in Shymkent city (969.3 per 1 000). Decreasing trend of child injuries in both genders was observed only in Tolebiysky district with the average reduction of incidence to 195.3 per 1 000 child population. Conclusions. Extremely high incidence rates of child injuries were observed in South Kazakhstan region. Moreover, the situation does not seem to improve over time except one district. Urgent public health measures are needed on both individual and population level to improve the situation.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):4-9
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ANALYSIS OF THE HELIOGEOMAGNETIC ANOMALY INFLUENCE ON THE INHABITANTS OF THE NORTHERN URBANIZED AREA
Karpin V.A., Gudkov A.B., Usinin A.F., Stolyarov V.V.
Abstract
This report presents the results of the second stage of the study of complex biotropic effects of extreme environmental factors -heliogeomagnetic anomalies. Objective: to study the effect of heliogeomagnetic anomalies on the course of chronic visceral diseases in the environmental conditions of the Northern urban area on the example of Surgut city. Methods: Seasonal dynamics of the most important chronic diseases' recurrences were studied in 7 642 patients for a five-year period. The average monthly dynamic of "geomagnetic activity index" was also studied for the same period, which was calculated according to the average duration of geomagnetic storms in each month in days and according the average intensity in points. Results. A reliable direct correlation between the duration of heliogeomagnetic disturbances and the frequency of chronic visceral diseases' recurrences was revealed. The marked biopathogenic effects are realized through the change of patients' specific resistance. The assumption was made that heliogeomagnetic effect had a priority in the complex of various extreme environmental factors. Conclusions. Total average monthly dynamic of heliogeomagnetic rises and falls plays a significant role in the seasonal recurring of chronic visceral diseases. Extreme effect of vibrational dynamics of heliogeomagnetic activity on the human organism comes against the background of meteorological factors or by means of the latter.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):10-15
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PREVALENCE AND RISK OF REPRODUCTIVE DISORDERS IN DESCENDANTS DEPENDING ON GRANDPARENT’S IRRADIATION
Dudareva Y.A., Gur’eva V.A., Nemtseva G.V.
Abstract
The main objective of the observational, analytical, one-stage (cross-sectional) study was to determine the prevalence of reproductive disorders depending on who of the grandparents had been exposed to radiation (grandmother, grandfather or both). Methods. On the basis of the results of clinical and paraclinic data, a multistage mathematical analysis was carried out which allowed to trace the influence of radiation factor on the reproductive health of descendants. The main group included 67 women of the second generation of descendants, who were divided into three subgroups according to the criteria of radiation exposure: on grandfather (17 people); on grandmother (28) and on the both (22). The control group included the descendants of people living outside the zone of Semipalatinsk Test Site radiation track (53 women). Results. On the basis of mathematic modelling it was shown, that by maternal inheritance or inheritance from both grandparents, descendants of second generation showed the increase in frequency of menstrual disorders (F = 4.761; р = 0.01), fertility reduction (F = 7.155; р = 0.001), increase of high-risk pregnancy (F = 13.705; р = 0.001), premature birth (F = 5.350; р = 0.01), low birth weight (F = 6.221; р = 0.001). inclusions. Matriliny and patriliny allows one to predict the deterioration of reproductive health in the next (third) generation of offspring.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):16-19
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FEEDING HABITS OF THE NORTHERNERS (LITERATURE REVIEW)
Nikiforova N.A., Karapetyan T.A., Dorshakova N.V.
Abstract
Geopolitical strategy of the state is aimed at the development of the Northern regions of the country, so one of the most important tasks of modern medicine is the preservation of health and working capacity of the population in extreme environmental conditions. Human activity in the North is associated with certain negative climatic and geophysical factors (prevailing negative air temperature, a sudden drop of the air-pressure, instability of the magnetosphere, natural photoperiodism, etc.), adaptation to which is achieved at the cost of significant morphofunctional stress. Long-term residence in such conditions leads to an increase in functional loads on the body, resulting in a risk of disruption and loss of health. The objective health indicators of northerners are worse than those of the residents of the more southern regions. Preservation of health in a harsh climate is only possible with adequate and balanced nutrition. In this regard, the urgent task is the creation of functional foods for the northerners, which due to fortification with necessary but insufficient or scarce in high latitudes components will ensure the normal course of the most physiological processes in the body and pathology prevention. These ingredients include vitamins; micro- and macronutrients; fats and polyunsaturated fatty acids, structured lipids; dietary fiber (pectin), etc. Taking into account the existence of four main population groups in the North, it is advisable to create functional products for each of them.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):20-22
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BIOACCUMULATION OF MERCURY IN TISSUES OF FRESHWATER FISH
Gorbunov A.V., Lyapunov S.M., Okina O.I., Sheshukov V.S.
Abstract
Aim - to assess the level of mercury accumulation in the tissues of fish caught in the Volga River and to study the features of this accumulation by some fish species. Methods. Freshwater fish was caught throughout the Volga River, in the areas characterized by various degrees of industrial development and the presence of natural sources of mercury. In the course of the study, tissue samples of the main commercial fish species (about 400 samples in total) were selected. The analysis of the selected material was carried out by means of the atomic absorption method with "cold steam". Results. Average concentration of mercury in the muscles of the main commercial fish species was between 11-260 ppb. The highest value of mercury concentration was typical for carp, wild carp, pike, perch, sturgeon and catfish, the lowest - for ruff and crawfish. Conclusions. The maximum allowable concentration of mercury for all fish species was not exceeded. The study of mercury accumulation in fish roe showed that the concentration of this metal was minimal (8.6 ppb) and did not depend on the concentration of mercury in the fish muscles. The diagrams of mercury concentration distribution in the muscles of roach, bream, pike-perch, pike and perch depending on the fishing area showed that the maximum concentration of mercury in the muscles of fish was typical for the Rybinsk reservoir, and the minimum - for the Upper Volga. The study of mercury accumulation dependence in perch, bream and pike muscles from fish weight stated a direct proportion of mercury concentration for perch - correlation coefficient r = 0.881, p = 0.018 and inverse proportion for pike -r = -0.653, p = 0.029, for bream - the dependence of mercury concentration in muscle from fish weight was not detected.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):23-31
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INTEGRALLY-TEMPORAL AND SPECTRAL PARAMETERS OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM OF PRE-ADOLESCENT POPULATION OF KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS OKRUG - UGRA UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF LATITUDINAL DISPLACEMENTS
Shakirova L.S., Filatova D.Y., Ilyashenko L.K., Bashkatova Y.V.
Abstract
The aim of the study is to establish statistical and chaotic regularities in the parameters behavior of the cardiovascular system in schoolchildren of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Ugra at latitudinal displacements (from the North to the South of the Russian Federation and vice versa) and the effects of various climatic and geographic factors. Methods. Using pulse-intervalography method on the basis of the pulseoxymetry device "EL0KS-01" (instrumental software) information on the state of the cardiovascular system of the children and youth population was received. Results. After a two-week rest, the volume of the students' quasiatractor decreased, which indicated the activation of the regulatory mechanisms of the cardiovascular system and the healthful effect after a two-week stay in the South of Russia. Upon arrival in Surgut, the volume of the quasiatractor in girls decreased, and in boys increased sharply by 6 times. Thus, in girls, the response of the cardiovascular system was more pronounced and persistent than in boys, which showed a partial return to the initial state i.e. an insufficient formation of adaptive mechanisms. Serious gender differences were revealed which derated the cardiovascular system for boys. Conclusions. Within the framework of the new approach from the perspective of the chaos-self-organization theory, the features of the cardiovascular system's parameters of preadolescent population under the influence of various climatic and geographical factors were studied. Be means of new methods gender peculiarities of vegetative regulation of the organism of schoolchildren before and after the recreation activity in the South of Russia were analyzed.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):32-36
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THE ROLE OF ADHESION MOLECULES IN THE MIGRATION OF LEUKOCYTES FROM THE BLOOD TO THE CAPILLARIES OF PAPULES IN PATIENTS WITH PSORIASIS
Kashutin S.L., Sherstennikova A.K., Nikolaev V.I., Neklyudova V.S., Shagrov L.L., Shutsky N.A., Klyuchareva S.V., Pyryatynsky V.A.
Abstract
The processes of leukocytes' migration to the psoriatic papule are important mechanisms in the development of immune reactive changes. The research relevance is determined by search for clinically significant targets for anti-inflammatory therapy (for ex. adhesion molecules). The aim of the study was to investigate the role of adhesion molecules in the mechanisms of blood leukocytes migration to papule capillaries in patients with psoriasis. Methods: Clinical immunological examination of 82 patients suffering from psoriasis vulgaris and exudative and 50 practically healthy people (a control group) was carried out. The content of neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes was determined on the smears of venous blood and blood obtained as a phenomenon of pinpoint bleeding of the psoriatic triad localized on forearm. Their morphological differentiation was performed. The number of neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes of venous blood containing molecules of L-selectin (CD62L), LFA-1 (CD11a), LFA-3 (CD58), ICAM-1 (CD54), PECAM-1- (CD31) was determined on a flow cytometer FC-500, BeckmanCoulter (USA). Results: It was stated that the capillary blood of psoriatic papules was characterized by a lower content of neutrophils with a predominance of 2-segmental forms; the content of monocytes was 3 times higher than the level of venous blood due to an increase in the level of polymorphonuclear forms; as well as an increase in the number of large lymphocytes. At the stage of "rolling" an increasing tendency to the concentration of neutrophils carrying the l-selectin molecule were observed in patients with psoriasis. A decrease in the expression of ICAM-1 and LFA-3 molecules on neutrophils involved in the "stabile adhesion" stage was revealed. A statistically significant decrease in the concentration of PECAM-1 molecule on neutrophils was stated at the "transmigration" stage. Conclusions: The mechanisms of adhesion molecule expression in different leukocyte populations differ, which ensures accurate adjustment of migration through the endothelium. These reactions lead to the progression of immune inflammation, each stage of which has its own markers, such as cellular adhesion molecules.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):37-43
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THE SPECIFIC FEATURES OF ANGER EXPRESSION IN EXTREME AND CRISIS STATES
Shamshikova O.A., Belashina T.V.
Abstract
Aim of the study - to identify the specific features of anger manifestation in extreme and crisis states in different social groups. The paper presents the analysis of literary sources on the problem of studying the features of human experience of extreme and crisis conditions. The results of the empiric study are given. 170 people were differentiated into three empiric groups: group 1 (50) - employees of the special unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the Novosibirsk region, group 2 (70) - patients of oncology department of the City Hospital № 1, Novosibirsk and group 3 (50) - control group («relative norm»). Methods: using one-way ANOVA test differences were identified between the groups according to parameters of anger and aggression manifestation and human personality. Results. The study showed that for subjects of group 1 was typical to control anger manifestations because uncontrolled emotional expression in the professional activity of law enforcement officials was unacceptable. Besides, the activity specificity in the extreme conditions allows to search another way for feeling discharge, in particular, aggressive emotions. In group 2, anger is one of the classic emotions experienced by subjects with oncological pathology and constitutes a structural element of the internal picture of the disease, and also is one of the factors determining the genesis of oncological pathology. Subjects of group 3 are characterized by a periodically experienced state of anger, which manifests itself in various forms and allows to reduce the emerging emotional tension and regain the lost control over the situation. Conclusions. The obtained results can be used in programs development aimed at working with anger in the law enforcement and health care systems, vocational selection, as well as in consulting and psychotherapeutic practice.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):44-50
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ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS DATA USING R
Egoshin V.L., Ivanov S.V., Savvina N.V., Kalmakhanov S.B., Zhamaliyeva L.M., Grjibovski A.M.
Abstract
The article presents basic algorithms of R software using for continuous data analysis. The basic algorithms for comparing quantitative data of one, two and three or more independent and related samples using parametric and non-parametric criteria are presented.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2018;(11):51-64
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