No 3 (2013)

Articles
Severnaya meditsinskaya shkola akademika P. I. Sidorova K 60-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya uchenogo
Gudkov A.B.
Abstract
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):3-5
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HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED AND COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED DIARRHEA IN ARKHANGELSK REGION
Krieger E.A., Samodova O.V., Titova L.V., Gordienko T.A.
Abstract
Introduction. Diarrheal diseases remain one of the leading causes of community-acquired infections. In Russia, their role in healthcare-associated infections is poorly understood. The study aimed to analyze incidence and prevalence of diarrheal diseases in children living in the Arkhangelsk region and those in Russia. Methods. The incidence of community-acquired diarrhea (CAD) and healthcare-associated diarrhea (HAD) in Russia and in the Arkhangelsk region presented by Rospotrebnadzor between 2000 and 2011 has been studied. Repeated point-prevalence surveys were performed to assess prevalence of HAI in the Arkhangelsk Regional Pediatric Hospital from 2006 to 2011. Results. The incidence of CAD in the Arkhangelsk region was revealed to be 1.2 times higher than that in Russia. More than the half of the patients were children. On the average, up to 50% of diarrhea cases were of unknown etiology. Prevalence of HAD in the Regional Pediatric Hospital varied between 0.5% and 2.8%. Diarrhea was one of the most common healthcare-associated infections. Conclusions. Diarrheal diseases remain to be a serious public health problem in Russia due to their high incidence among children and laboratory shortcoming.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):6-11
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CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF ROTAVIRUS INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN OF STAVROPOL TERRITORY
Bezrodnova S.M., Aliyeva E.V., Gunchenko O.V.
Abstract
A clinico-epidemiological and laboratory study of 167 patients with different forms of rotavirus infection at the age from 3 months to 17 years was carried out in the period of 2008-201 1. The children with the moderate form of the disease (56.29 %) and the children aged 1-3 years - 74 (44.32 %) - dominated. The children were hospitalized more frequently during the spring months (39.52 %) and in the winter months (29.34 %). The symptoms of the rotavirus infection in children of all ages had peculiarities depending on the forms of the disease; the intoxication, gastroenterological, catarrhal syndromes dominated.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):12-15
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SCHOOL PATHOLOGY IN CHILDREN BEGINNING EDUCATION AT DIFFERENT AGES
Tepper E.A., Taranushenko T.E., Grishkevich N.Y.
Abstract
The purpose of the study was revelation of different pathologies in children beginning education at different ages and evaluation of their health state during the whole period of education. 437 children were included in the study. They were divided into three groups: the first group - schoolchildren beginning education at the age of 6 years; the second group - 7 years old (n = 274) and the third group - 8 years old. A high level of school pathology progression has been revealed in the second and third groups (musculoskeletal disorders and decrement in visual acuity).
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):16-20
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CONDITIONING OF PHOTOINDUCED BACTERICIDAL ACTIVITY ON SURFACE OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE FILMS
Pleskova S.N., Golubeva I.S., Verevkin Y.K.
Abstract
Special surfaces based on titanium dioxide are developed for prevention of nosocomial infections. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been generated by the surfaces after their UV-irradiation. ROS caused destruction of bacteria. However, effectiveness of bactericidal activity of ТiO 2-films depends on several factors. Influence of time of UV irradiation, thermal (annealing) and chemical (benzene) treatment of films on the bactericidal activity, as well as the bactericidal effect against suspended and lyophilized bacteria have been studied. Three clinical isolates Staphylococcus aureus 956, Staphylococcus epidermidis 1061, Escherichia coli 321-5 have been used. Viability of the suspended bacteria has been determined with use of the classical method of counting CFU, viability of lyophilized bacteria has been determined with use of the method of estimation of coefficients of bactericidal extinction of control and test samples. It has been shown that the bactericidal effect of thin films against all strains increased with an increase in the flow of UV exposure. dermal and chemical treatment caused bactericidal activity recovery which was lost during the initial incubation of the bacterial suspension on the surface. Absence of fluid in the system increased the bactericidal activity of TiO 2-films.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):21-27
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FORMATION OF COLON MICROBIOCENOSIS IN PRETERM INFANTS WITH LOW AND EXTREMELY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN HOSPITAL
Malygina O.G., Bazhukova T.A., Lobanova E.V., Chumakova G.N.
Abstract
The formation of microbiocenosis of the colon in 58 preterm infants with low and extremely low body weight at the stage of nursing in the Department of Pathology of Newborn and Premature Babies in the Vyzhletsov Arkhangelsk Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital has been studied from October 2009 till June 2011. There have been detected factors influencing formation of microecology of the studied habitat. By the time of discharge from the hospital, the colon microbiocenosis was not formed: a deficit of obligate microflora (bifidobacteria, lactoflora, E. coli) and a high level of enterococci were registered. The hospital stay contributed to contamination of the infants by S. aureus, Enterobacteriaceae and nonfermentative gram-negative microorganisms. The formation of the microbiocenosis was affected by duration of hospitalization, especially in the Intensive Care Unit, a type of feeding and biocorrection with probiotics.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):28-33
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TRENDS OF SUICIDE MORTALITY IN ADOLESCENCE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN MURMANSK REGION
Shelygin K.V., Zenin E.N., Bulancev I.G.
Abstract
The dynamics of suicide mortality in adolescence and its relationship with the level of alcohol consumption in the Murmansk region have been analyzed. The method of autoregression and integrated moving average (ARIMA) was used. The alcohol attributiveness of the male population mortality has been revealed.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):34-38
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FORMATION OF PATIENT RIGHTS PROTECTION SYSTEMS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Tsyganova O.A., Svetlichnaya T.G.
Abstract
In the article, a comparative analysis of the patient rights protection practice pattern in the developed countries has been presented. 8 national and 38 foreign literary sources have been analyzed. It has been detected that the system of patient rights protection in foreign countries was more often presented by three components: a patient rights commissioner acting apart from state agencies; professional ethical committees; collegiate authorities for medical activities control. In establishing of patient-oriented healthcare, a significant part is played by professional medical and patients· public organizations.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):39-45
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INFORMATION SIGNIFICANCE OF HEMOSTASIOLOGICAL DISTURBANCES IN DEVELOPMENT OF “EARLY” SEPSIS IN SERIOUSLY BURNED PATIENTS
Presnyakova M.V.
Abstract
Sepsis developing in early periods of the burn disease is characterized by extremely severe and lightning-like course, diagnostic complexity, increased lethality. The hemostasis system state and biochemical blood metabolites were studied in 100 patients with severe burns, among them, the burn disease was complicated by sepsis in 33 patients, it wasn’t observed in 67 patients. It has been clearly shown that “early” sepsis development in the seriously burned patients occurred against unbalance of the hemostasis system: an increased coagulation potential and a sharp decrease of blood anticoagulation mechanisms. Hemastasiological disorders were accompanied by the kidneys and liver increased functional deficiency. The hemostasis system indexes can be included into complex examinations of patients aimed at prognosis of development, identification and estimation of severity of “early” sepsis in seriously burned patients.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):46-53
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FEATURES OF UROGENITAL CHLAMYDIOSIS AND MYCOPLASMOSIS PREVALENCE IN MILITARY PERSONNEL
Gubernitskaya S.V.
Abstract
The paper presents an analysis of the results of a medical and sociological cross-sectional study of urogenital tract pathogens prevalence (Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealyticum and Chlamydia trachomatis) among sailors. A survey of 676 anonymous seamen aged 18-55 years and laboratory testing of clinical samples (first morning urine portion) with the use of the method of polymerase chain reaction in real time have been done. The causative agents of urogenital infections were detected in 18.3 % of the seamen: Ureaplasma urealyticum - in 10.7 %, Mycoplasma genitalium - in 3.8 %, Chlamydia trachomatis - in 3.1 %, mixed infection - in 0.7 %. Prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum и Chlamydia trachomatis in the military men was lower and that of Mycoplasma genitalium infection was higher than among the population of Russia and the developed countries of the world.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):54-62
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Retsenziya na monografiyu N. A. Agadzhanyana, I. V. Radysha «Bioritmy, sreda obitaniya, zdorov'e»
Gudkov A.B.
Abstract
Агаджанян Н. А., Радыш И. В. Биоритмы, среда обитания, здоровье. -М. : РУДН, 2013. - 362 с.
Ekologiya cheloveka (Human Ecology). 2013;(3):63-64
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